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BACKGROUND & AIMS Recent studies have shown that cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and its products, prostaglandins (PGs), may be involved in colorectal carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine whether COX-2 expression and PGE(2) production correlate with microvessel density, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, and tumor metastasis in(More)
The focus of this study was to use differential protein expression to investigate operative pathways in early stages of human colon cancer. Colorectal cancer represents an ideal model system to study the development and progression of human tumors, and the proteomic approach avoids overlooking posttranslational modifications not detected by microarray(More)
The presence of multiple drug resistance (MDR1) and angiogenic phenotypes negatively affect patients' prognosis with cancer even when treated with drugs that are not transported by the MDR1 gene product. It is possible to suggest a link between the MDR1 and angiogenic phenotypes. Because prostaglandins (PGs) and nitric oxide (NO) have been proposed to be(More)
Doxorubicin (Dox) has got a limited efficacy in the treatment of central nervous system tumors because of its poor penetration through blood-brain barrier mediated by MDR efflux transporters. We investigated the possibility that ondansetron (Ond) enhances Dox cytotoxicity in cell lines interfering with P-glycoprotein and increases Dox concentration in rat(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a signaling gas produced intracellularly by heme oxygenase (HO) enzymes using heme as a substrate. During heme breakdown, HO-1 and HO-2 release CO, biliverdin, and Fe(2+). In this study, we investigated the effects of manipulation of the HO-1 system in an in vivo model of focal ischemia-reperfusion (FIR) in the rat heart. Male Wistar(More)
The antigen-induced release of histamine from sensitized guinea pig mast cells was dose-dependently reduced by endogenous (2-arachidonylglycerol; 2AG) and exogenous [(1R,3R,4R)-3-[2-hydroxy-4-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)phenyl]-4-(3-hydroxypropyl)cyclohexan-1-ol (CP55,940)] cannabinoids. The inhibitory action afforded by 2AG and CP55,940 was reversed by(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype is characterized by the over-expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) on cell plasma membranes that extrudes several drugs out of cells. Cells that express the MDR phenotype are resistant to the mitochondrial related apoptosis and to several anticancer drugs. This study assessed the presence of P-gp in mitochondria and its(More)
The multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype is characterized by the overexpression of a few transport proteins at the plasma membrane level, one of which is the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). These proteins are expressed in excretory organs, in the placenta and blood-brain barrier, and are involved in the transport of drugs and endogenous compounds.(More)
To investigate the potential involvement of the nitric oxide (NO) pathway in colorectal carcinogenesis, we correlated the expression and the activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) with the degree of tumor angiogenesis in human colorectal cancer. Tumor samples and adjacent normal mucosa were obtained from 46 surgical specimens.(More)
In several neoplastic diseases, including hepatocellular carcinoma, the expression of P-glycoprotein and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) are often increased and involved in drug resistance and poor prognosis. P-glycoprotein, in addition to drug resistance, blocks cytochrome c release, preventing apoptosis in tumor cells. Because COX-2 induces P-glycoprotein(More)