Ornella Cavalleri

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One of the most promising applications of encapsulated living cells is their use as protected transplanted tissue into the human body. A suitable system for the protection of living cells is the use of nano- or microcapsules of polyelectrolytes. These shells can be deposited easily on top of the cells by means of a layer-by-layer technique. An interesting(More)
Tapping mode atomic force microscopy was employed to study the surface structure of different protein crystals in a liquid environment. The (101) face of hen egg-white lysozyme crystals and the (111) face of horse spleen ferritin crystals were studied. On the (101) face of lysozyme crystals we observed islands delimitated by micro-steps and elongated in the(More)
Three-dimensional confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was used as an essential investigation method to obtain information about the formation and morphological characteristics of nanocapsules. Nanocapsules are built by layer-by-layer deposition of alternatively charged polyelectrolytes on templates forming nanostructured hollow shells. CLSM is unique(More)
The tissue specificity of fibrillar deposition in dialysis-related amyloidosis is most likely associated with the peculiar interaction of beta2-microglobulin (beta2-m) with collagen fibers. However, other co-factors such as glycosaminoglycans might facilitate amyloid formation. In this study we have investigated the role of heparin in the process of(More)
The morphological and mechanical properties of encapsulated yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) have been investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Single living cells have been coated through the alternate deposition of oppositely charged polyelectrolyte (PE) layers. The properties of cells coated by different numbers of PE layers and from PE(More)
We report the results of a synchrotron-based high-resolution XPS study of the interaction of L-cysteine (Cys) with well-characterized colloidal gold nanoparticles (NPs, typical size 3-4 nm), which were pre-deposited on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite and then brought into contact with the aqueous solution of Cys by drop-casting. By comparison with data(More)
We have studied the vapor-phase deposition of L-cysteine on the Au(110) surface by means of synchrotron-based techniques. Relying on a comparison with previous X-ray photoemission analysis, we have assigned the fine structure of the C K-shell X-ray absorption spectra to the nonequivalent carbon bonds within the molecule. In particular, the C1s --> sigma*(More)
We report on a high-resolution X-ray photoemission spectroscopy study on molecular-thick layers of L-cysteine deposited under ultrahigh vacuum conditions on Au(110). The analysis of core level shifts allowed us to distinguish unambiguously the states of the first-layer molecules from those of molecules belonging to the second layer. The first-layer(More)
A study of the self-assembly of 1,4-benzenedimethanethiol (BDMT; HS-CH(2)-(C(6)H(4))-CH(2)-SH) monolayers on gold is presented. Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) are characterized by reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) measurements. The ensemble of measurements(More)