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Transdermal therapeutic system scopolamine (TTS-S) is effective in preventing motion sickness for 72 h. However, by this route a prophylactic effect is obtained 6 to 8 h postapplication. By the oral route, scopolamine is effective within 0.5 h for a period of 6 h. To achieve safe as well as effective protection against seasickness during the first hours of(More)
Mal de debarquement, or "land sickness," is a transient sensation of tumbling, swinging, unsteadiness, and disequilibrium reported by passengers and crew after returning to land from long sea voyages. Although mal de debarquement is mentioned in classic texts on seasickness,' 2 there are no specific studies concerning the nature and extent of this(More)
VOR parameters were compared in subjects at the extremes of the seasickness susceptibility scale. Thirty-nine subjects highly susceptible to seasickness and 30 nonsusceptible subjects participated in the study. The VOR was evaluated by the Sinusoidal Harmonic Acceleration (SHA) test at frequencies of 0.01, 0.02, 0.04, 0.08, and 0.16 Hz. In subjects(More)
Motion sickness is a complex integration of responses from multiple physiological systems. Whether the changes that occur during the time course of motion sickness are mediated by the sympathetic or parasympathetic systems is still controversial. The present study evaluates alterations in R-R variability during experimental motion sickness in motion sick(More)
Vestibular laboratory tests are not generally necessary in the diagnosis of patients with a clear description of vertigo accompanied by positive otoneurological examination findings. The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of conventional vestibular laboratory tests in the diagnosis of patients complaining of nonspecific vertigo, despite their(More)
A survey conducted among 116 crew members of seagoing vessels confirmed that mal de debarquement (M-D) is a transient feeling of swinging, swaying, unsteadiness, and disequilibrium. None of the subjects requested medical attention, although there were isolated cases in which a strong sensation of swinging and unsteadiness caused transient postural(More)
The present study investigates the possible relationship between motion sickness susceptibility, personality factors and salivation. Personality factors, as evaluated by the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, and salivary composition and flow were measured in a group of 29 subjects highly susceptible to seasickness and in a group of 25 non-susceptible(More)
The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is known to be modulated in response to changing vestibular and optokinetic stimuli. The purpose of this study was to investigate possible relationships between VOR and future susceptibility and habituation to seasickness. Thirty candidates for future maritime service were exposed to a series of yaw axis smooth harmonic(More)
We assessed the influence of dimenhydrinate, cinnarizine and transdermal scopolamine on the ability to perform simulated naval crew tasks. The effect of single doses of dimenhydrinate, 100 mg, cinnarizine, 50 mg, and one transdermal scopolamine patch on psychomotor performance was evaluated using a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, crossover(More)
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS The neural mismatch theory emphasizes the role of conflicting multimodal sensory interactions in producing both motion sickness and the rearrangement process that finally leads to habituation to the adverse motion conditions. If this theory is, indeed, correct, the patterns of the response to the integrated signal from simultaneous(More)