Learn More
Transdermal therapeutic system scopolamine (TTS-S) is effective in preventing motion sickness for 72 h. However, by this route a prophylactic effect is obtained 6 to 8 h postapplication. By the oral route, scopolamine is effective within 0.5 h for a period of 6 h. To achieve safe as well as effective protection against seasickness during the first hours of(More)
We assessed the influence of dimenhydrinate, cinnarizine and transdermal scopolamine on the ability to perform simulated naval crew tasks. The effect of single doses of dimenhydrinate, 100 mg, cinnarizine, 50 mg, and one transdermal scopolamine patch on psychomotor performance was evaluated using a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, crossover(More)
A survey conducted among 116 crew members of seagoing vessels confirmed that mal de debarquement (M-D) is a transient feeling of swinging, swaying, unsteadiness, and disequilibrium. None of the subjects requested medical attention, although there were isolated cases in which a strong sensation of swinging and unsteadiness caused transient postural(More)
We studied vestibulo-ocular reflex measurements in a group of 12 patients suffering from migraine without aura and evaluated the effect of sodium valproate given as prophylactic migraine therapy. The study was randomized, double blind and placebo controlled, with a crossover design. The horizontal vestibulo-ocular reflex was evaluated by the Sinusoidal(More)
Motion sickness is a complex integration of responses from multiple physiological systems. Whether the changes that occur during the time course of motion sickness are mediated by the sympathetic or parasympathetic systems is still controversial. The present study evaluates alterations in R-R variability during experimental motion sickness in motion sick(More)
Mal de debarquement, or "land sickness," is a transient sensation of tumbling, swinging, unsteadiness, and disequilibrium reported by passengers and crew after returning to land from long sea voyages. Although mal de debarquement is mentioned in classic texts on seasickness,' 2 there are no specific studies concerning the nature and extent of this(More)
In a double-blind, placebo controlled, crossover study, we evaluated the effects of cinnarizine on the VOR of 55 healthy young subjects. VOR was evaluated by the Sinusoidal Harmonic Acceleration (SHA) test at frequencies of 0.01, 0.02, 0.04, 0.08 and 0.16 Hz. There was a reduction in VOR gain in 16 of the 20 SHA trials performed under the influence of(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS The vestibular autorotation test (VAT) examines responses to active head oscillations at frequencies between 2 and 6 Hz in the horizontal and vertical planes while the subject is fixating a visible target. At these frequencies, the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is the main source of eye movement for ocular stabilization, although other(More)
The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is known to be modulated in response to changing vestibular and optokinetic stimuli. The purpose of this study was to investigate possible relationships between VOR and future susceptibility and habituation to seasickness. Thirty candidates for future maritime service were exposed to a series of yaw axis smooth harmonic(More)