Orna Elroy-Stein

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Down syndrome, the phenotypic expression of human trisomy 21, is presumed to result from a 1.5-fold increase in the expression of the genes on human chromosome 21. As an approach to the development of an animal model for Down syndrome, several strains of transgenic mice that carry the human Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase gene have been prepared. These animals(More)
A recombinant vaccinia virus that directs the synthesis of bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase provides the basis for the expression of genes that are regulated by T7 promoters in mammalian cells. The T7 transcripts, which account for as much as 30% of the total cytoplasmic RNA at 24 hr after infection, are largely uncapped. To improve the translatability of(More)
Monitoring protein synthesis is essential to our understanding of gene expression regulation, as protein abundance is thought to be predominantly controlled at the level of translation. Mass-spectrometric and RNA sequencing methods have been recently developed for investigating mRNA translation at a global level, but these still involve technical(More)
Interferon resistance of vaccinia virus is mediated by specific inhibition of phosphorylation of the alpha subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2 alpha) by the double-stranded-RNA-activated (DAI) protein kinase. Vaccinia virus encodes a homolog of eIF-2 alpha, K3L, the deletion of which renders the virus sensitive to interferon treatment. We have(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) represents a family of serine/threonine kinases that play a central role in the regulation of cell growth, differentiation, and transformation. Posttranslational control of the PKC isoforms and their activation have been extensively studied; however, not much is known about their translational regulation. Here we report that the(More)
Naturally occurring antisense transcription is associated with the regulation of gene expression through a variety of biological mechanisms. Several recent genome-wide studies reported the identification of potential antisense transcripts for thousands of mammalian genes, many of them resulting from alternatively polyadenylated transcripts or heterogeneous(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that play a central role in regulation of gene expression by binding to target genes. Many miRNAs were associated with the function of the central nervous system (CNS) in health and disease. Astrocytes are the CNS most abundant glia cells, providing support by maintaining homeostasis and by regulating neuronal(More)
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is a very potent angiogenic agent that has a central role in normal physiological angiogenesis as well as in tumor angiogenesis. VEGF expression is induced by hypoxia and hypoglycemia, and thus was suggested to promote neovascularization during tumor outgrowth. Yet, the molecular mechanism that governs VEGF(More)