Orna Dreazen

Learn More
The leukaemic cells of more than 90% of chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) patients and of 10% of acute lymphocytic leukaemia (ALL) patients carry the t(9:22) (q34:q11) translocation which generates the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph1). In CML the abl gene is translocated from chromosome 9 to the centre of the bcr gene on chromosome 22 and this results in(More)
The activation of the cellular oncogene c-mos in mouse plasmacytoma XRPC24 was found to result from the insertion of a 4.7-kilobase-pair cellular DNA element, within the c-mos coding region. The element terminates on both sides with a direct repeat of around 335 nucleotides. The repeat as well as internal sequences of the element show strong homology to(More)
The major consequence of the formation of the Philadelphia (Ph1) chromosome characteristic of leukemia cells of patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is fusion of c-abl and bcr genes. Using a sensitive RNase protection technique, we analyzed mRNA from a large number of CML patients. In most, we identified one or both species of bcr-abl chimeric(More)
In this review we have described molecular consequences of the t(9;22) translocation typical of CML and some cases of ALL. This data indicates an important role for abl and bcr and suggest some common mechanisms of activation of c-abl related tyrosine kinase activity. This data also provides insight into the relationship between Ph1 positive, Ph1 negative(More)
The bcr gene plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of two human leukemias associated with the Philadelphia chromosome: chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). In both instances a chimeric gene, formed between bcr and the abl protooncogene, results in expression of fused bcr-abl proteins with tyrosine kinase activity.(More)
Oncogene abnormalities are thought to have a central role in some human malignant disorders, particularly Burkitt leukaemia/lymphoma and chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). However, the extent to which specific oncogene changes determine the clinical features of these disorders is unknown. This question was studied in two groups of patients with CML negative(More)
Median duration of the chronic phase of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is 3 years; less than 20% of patients have a chronic phase greater than 7 years. It is unknown whether the length of chronic phase is stochastic or is predetermined for each patient. Since molecular abnormalities of bcr and c-abl occur in CML, we sought to determine whether there(More)
The dye test for the detection of Toxoplasma-specific antibodies was first described by Sabin and Feldman 50 years ago. The test is highly specific and sensitive and considerable information is available on the development and persistence of dye test antibodies after primary Toxoplasma infection. However, the test uses live Toxoplasma gondii and is now only(More)
Leukemia recurred in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia after a bone marrow transplant. The pre-transplant leukemia was of T cell origin whereas the post-transplant relapse leukemia was of B cell origin. The recurrence was shown to be in donor cells by analysis of chromosomes and restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Although the mechanism of(More)
The Ph1 chromosome is present in 95% of patients with chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML). The Ph1 chromosome also occurs in 5-25% of children and adults with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). This observation raises questions as to whether these diseases are similar or identical. In patients with CML the c-abl and bcr genes are translocated and(More)