Orlando P. Simonetti

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BACKGROUND Recent studies indicate that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after the administration of contrast material can be used to distinguish between reversible and irreversible myocardial ischemic injury regardless of the extent of wall motion or the age of the infarct. We hypothesized that the results of contrast-enhanced MRI can be used to predict(More)
BACKGROUND Contrast MRI enhancement patterns in several pathophysiologies resulting from ischemic myocardial injury are controversial or have not been investigated. We compared contrast enhancement in acute infarction (AI), after severe but reversible ischemic injury (RII), and in chronic infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS In dogs, a large coronary artery(More)
PURPOSE To design a segmented inversion-recovery turbo fast low-angle shot (turboFLASH) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging pulse sequence for the visualization of myocardial infarction, compare this technique with other MR imaging approaches in a canine model of ischemic injury, and evaluate its utility in patients with coronary artery disease. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND T2-Weighted (T2W) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pulse sequences have been used to detect edema in patients with acute myocardial infarction and differentiate acute from chronic infarction. T2W sequences have suffered from several problems including (i) signal intensity variability caused by phased array coils, (ii) high signal from slow moving(More)
PURPOSE To develop a short-inversion-time inversion-recovery (STIR) magnetic resonance imaging pulse sequence for evaluating the myocardium that is relatively free of flow and motion artifact. MATERIALS AND METHODS The authors implemented a breath-hold, cardiac-triggered STIR sequence with preparatory radio-frequency pulses to eliminate signal from(More)
The need for ECG gating presents many difficulties in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). Real-time imaging techniques eliminate the need for ECG gating in cine CMRI, but they cannot offer the spatial and temporal resolution provided by segmented acquisition techniques. Previous MR signal-based techniques have demonstrated an ability to provide(More)
BACKGROUND T2-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is useful in diagnosing acute inflammatory myocardial diseases, such as myocarditis and tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTCM). We hypothesized that quantitative T2 mapping could better delineate myocardial involvement in these disorders versus T2-weighted imaging. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty patients(More)
In 12 healthy volunteers and eight patients with cardiac disease, cine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the heart was performed with real-time true fast imaging with steady-state precession (FISP), which permitted evaluation of the entire left ventricle in one breath hold (91 msec per frame, 13 frames per section position, nine short-axis section(More)
In five healthy subjects and 18 patients, cine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the heart was performed with a true fast imaging with steady-state precession (FISP) sequence. Results were compared both quantitatively and qualitatively with those at cine fast low-angle shot (FLASH) MR imaging. The blood-myocardial contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was 2.0(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the utility of rapid, quantitative T2 mapping compared with conventional T2-weighted imaging in patients presenting with various forms of acute myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND T2-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) identifies myocardial edema before the onset of irreversible ischemic injury and has shown value in(More)