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Expiratory flow limitation promotes dynamic hyperinflation during exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with a consequent reduction in inspiratory capacity (IC), limiting their exercise tolerance. Therefore, the exercise capacity of patients with tidal expiratory flow limitation (FL) at rest should depend on the magnitude of IC.(More)
Two previous uncontrolled studies have suggested that noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) in patients with hypercapnic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improves arterial blood gas tensions by decreasing lung hyperinflation with the consequent reduction in inspiratory loads and changes in ventilatory pattern. The aim of this randomised(More)
The equation proposed by Cotes and coworkers is currently considered as the most acceptable to correct carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) for hemoglobin concentration [Hb] by both the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) guidelines for standardization of DLCO. In a previous study on 24 anemic patients undergoing(More)
To assess the clinical impact of noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) on stable hypercapnic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, changes in exercise capacity, dyspnoea and simple physiological parameters were evaluated. The time course of these effects during treatment and recovery was also assessed. Patients were randomly allocated to NIMV (n=27) or(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the acute effects of methylene blue, an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis, on hemodynamics and gas exchange in patients with refractory septic shock in a prospective clinical trial at medical and surgical intensive care units in a tertiary university hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS Prospective, sequential(More)
Salbutamol inhibits neutropenia, increased airway resistance, and gas exchange abnormalities provoked by platelet-activating factor (PAF) challenge in normal persons. To further explore the intriguing dissociation between spirometric abnormalities and gas exchange defects shown in patients with asthma, we investigated whether the salbutamol-induced(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether invasive exercise testing with gas exchange and pulmonary haemodynamic measurements could contribute to the preoperative assessment of patients with lung cancer at a high-risk for lung resection. Sixty-five patients scheduled for thoracotomy (aged 66+/-8 yrs (mean+/-SD), 64 males, forced expiratory volume in(More)
Arterial oxygen tension (PaO2) is known to decrease with age, and this is accompanied by a number of changes in mechanical properties of the lungs, including loss of elastic recoil and increase in closing volume. The changes in respiratory mechanics with age could induce greater ventilation/perfusion (VA/Q) mismatch and thus explain the decrease in PaO2. In(More)
This study was intended to investigate changes in cardiac biomarkers and pulmonary hemodynamic effects of invasive treatment in patients with intermediate-risk (hemodynamic stability with evidence of right ventricle dysfunction and/or myocardial injury) pulmonary embolism. Also, to also evaluate if natriuretic peptide type-B (NT-proBNP) plasma levels are(More)
In a recent study of completely sedentary normal young subjects, leg VO2max was reduced by hypoxia in proportion to mean capillary PO2 as F(I)O2 was reduced from 0.15 to 0.12. However, the increase in VO2max from F(I)O2 = 0.15 to 0.21 was less than expected for the increase in mean capillary PO2. This finding has led us to hypothesize that in sedentary(More)