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The molecular signals and pathways that govern biotic and abiotic stress responses in sugarcane are poorly understood. Here we describe SodERF3, a sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L. cv Ja60-5) cDNA that encodes a 201-amino acid DNA-binding protein that acts as a transcriptional regulator of the ethylene responsive factor (ERF) superfamily. Like other ERF(More)
To understand the molecular basis of a specific plant-pathogen interaction, it is important to identify plant genes that respond to the pathogen attack. Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis of cDNA was used to identify sugarcane genes differentially expressed in disease-resistant but not in susceptible sugarcane somaclones in response to(More)
Plant defensins are small cysteine-rich peptides that inhibit the growth of a broad range of microbes. In this article, we describe NmDef02, a novel cDNA encoding a putative defensin isolated from Nicotiana megalosiphon upon inoculation with the tobacco blue mould pathogen Peronospora hyoscyami f.sp. tabacina. NmDef02 was heterologously expressed in the(More)
A diverse range of plant proteases are implicated in pathogen perception and in subsequent signalling and execution of disease resistance. We demonstrate, using protease inhibitors and virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS), that the plant papain cysteine protease cathepsin B is required for the disease resistance hypersensitive response (HR). VIGS of(More)
During tomato leaf colonization, the biotrophic fungus Cladosporium fulvum secretes several effector proteins into the apoplast. Eight effectors have previously been characterized and show no significant homology to each other or to other fungal genes. To discover novel C. fulvum effectors that might play a role in virulence, we utilized two-dimensional(More)
A glutathione S-transferase gene was amplified from cDNA of Nicotiana tabacum roots infected with Phytophthora parasitica var. nicotianae. The gene was cloned in sense and anti-sense orientation to an RNAi vector for induced gene silencing, and reduced expression of the gene was detected by RT-PCR. A statistically significant increase in resistance of N.(More)
UNLABELLED Rhizoctonia solani Kühn is a soil-borne fungal pathogen that causes disease in a wide range of plants worldwide. Strains of the fungus are traditionally grouped into genetically isolated anastomosis groups (AGs) based on hyphal anastomosis reactions. This article summarizes aspects related to the infection process, colonization of the host and(More)
SfT6 has been identified in a subtracted cDNA library of Spodoptera frugiperda larval midgut transcripts as a serine-protease gene downregulated within 24 h of intoxication with Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ca1 protein. In the present study, the specific role of SfT6 during Cry1Ca1 intoxication was investigated by RT-PCR and in vivo RNA interference.(More)
The use of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry delta-endotoxins as bioinsecticides is threatened by the possibility of pest resistance. Determining transcriptional profiles of midgut cells early in Cry toxin poisoning is crucial for understanding the biochemical and molecular aspects of insect detoxification and for sustained use of such toxins. In this study,(More)
We have tested whether a gene encoding a polygalacturonase-inhibiting protein (PGIP) protects tobacco against a fungal pathogen (Rhizoctonia solani) and two oomycetes (Phytophthora parasitica var. nicotianae and Peronospora hyoscyami f. sp. tabacina). The trials were performed in greenhouse conditions for R. solani and P. parasitica and in the field for P.(More)