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Two previous uncontrolled studies have suggested that noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) in patients with hypercapnic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improves arterial blood gas tensions by decreasing lung hyperinflation with the consequent reduction in inspiratory loads and changes in ventilatory pattern. The aim of this randomised(More)
To assess the clinical impact of noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) on stable hypercapnic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, changes in exercise capacity, dyspnoea and simple physiological parameters were evaluated. The time course of these effects during treatment and recovery was also assessed. Patients were randomly allocated to NIMV (n=27) or(More)
A mandatory best management practices (BMP) program was implemented in the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) farms basin-wide in 1995 as required by the Everglades Forever Act to reduce P loads in drainage water reaching the Everglades ecosystem. All farms in the EAA basin implement similar BMPs, and basin wide P load reductions have exceeded the 25%(More)
Little is known about survival and clinical prognostic factors in females with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of the present study was to determine the survival difference between males and females with COPD and to compare the value of the different prognostic factors for the disease. In total, 265 females and 272 males with COPD(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the mechanisms that determine abnormal gas exchange during acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thirteen COPD patients, hospitalized because of an exacerbation, were studied after admission and 38+/-10 (+/-SD) days after discharge, once they were clinically stable. Measurements(More)
Expiratory flow limitation (FL) at rest is frequently present in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. It promotes dynamic hyperinflation with a consequent decrease in inspiratory capacity (IC). Since in COPD resting IC is strongly correlated with exercise tolerance, this study hypothesized that this is due to limitation of the maximal(More)
Physical inactivity is a cardinal feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Pedometers, which have been used in healthy populations, might also increase physical activity in patients with COPD. COPD patients taking part in a 3-month individualised programme to promote an increase in(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) decrease their physical activity. However, it is unknown at which stage of the disease the reduction occurs and whether dyspnea is a limiting factor. AIM To compare physical activity between patients with COPD and controls of similar age and to assess its association with disease(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to smoking, acute exacerbations are considered to be a contributing factor to progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, these findings come from studies including active smokers, while results in ex-smokers are scarce and contradictory. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if frequent acute moderate(More)