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BRCA in breast cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines J. Balmaña, O. Diez, I. Rubio & M. Castiglione On behalf of the ESMO Guidelines Working Group* Department of Medical Oncology; Oncogenetics Laboratory, University Hospital Vall d’Hebron; Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology (VHIO); Breast Cancer Surgical Unit, Breast Cancer Center, University Hospital(More)
PURPOSE Most familial breast cancers are not associated with BRCA1 or BRCA2 germ-line mutations. Therefore, it is of major importance to define the morphological, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of this group of tumors to improve genetic testing and also gain further insight into the biological characteristics of tumors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We(More)
We screened index cases from 410 Spanish breast/ovarian cancer families and 214 patients (19 of them males) with breast cancer for germ-line mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, using SSCP, PTT, CSGE, DGGE, and direct sequencing. We identified 60 mutations in BRCA1 and 53 in BRCA2. Of the 53 distinct mutations observed, 11 are novel and 12 have been(More)
The distribution of BRCA1/2 germline mutations in breast/ovarian cancer (BC/OC) families varies among different populations. In the Chilean population, there are only two reports of mutation analysis of BRCA1/2, and these included a low number of BC and/or OC patients. Moreover, the prevalence of BRCA1/2 genomic rearrangements in Chilean and in other South(More)
Familial breast cancers that are associated with BRCA1 or BRCA2 germline mutations differ in both their morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics. To further characterize the molecular difference between genotypes, the authors evaluated the expression of 37 immunohistochemical markers in a tissue microarray (TMA) containing cores from 20 BRCA1,(More)
Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at 6q25.1, near the ESR1 gene, have been implicated in the susceptibility to breast cancer for Asian (rs2046210) and European women (rs9397435). A genome-wide association study in Europeans identified two further breast cancer susceptibility variants: rs11249433 at 1p11.2 and rs999737 in RAD51L1 at 14q24.1.(More)
Women who carry mutations in either the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes are at risk for early-onset breast cancer and are recommended to begin screening mammography at age 25 to 30 years. Results of in vitro and animal studies suggest that BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation carriers are hypersensitive to ionizing radiation and possibly to radiation-induced breast cancer. This study(More)
UNLABELLED PARP inhibitors are active in tumors with defects in DNA homologous recombination (HR) due to BRCA1/2 mutations. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway preserves HR steady state. We hypothesized that in BRCA-proficient triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), PI3K inhibition would result in HR impairment and subsequent sensitization(More)
BACKGROUND The vast majority of BRCA1 missense sequence variants remain uncharacterized for their possible effect on protein expression and function, and therefore are unclassified in terms of their pathogenicity. BRCA1 plays diverse cellular roles and it is unlikely that any single functional assay will accurately reflect the total cellular implications of(More)
BACKGROUND Large genomic rearrangements (LGRs) account for a substantial proportion of the BRCA1 disease-causing changes, or variations, identified in families with hereditary breast/ovarian cancer [HB(O)C]. Great differences in the spectrum and prevalence of BRCA1 LGR have been observed among populations. Here we report the first comprehensive analysis of(More)