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A lambda-EMBL3 genomic library of Bacillus stearothermophilus T-6 was screened for hemicellulolytic activities, and five independent clones exhibiting beta-xylosidase activity were isolated. The clones overlap each other and together represent a 23.5-kb chromosomal segment. The segment contains a cluster of xylan utilization genes, which are organized in at(More)
The secretomes of a virulent Bacillus anthracis strain and of avirulent strains (cured of the virulence plasmids pXO1 and pXO2), cultured in rich and minimal media, were studied by a comparative proteomic approach. More than 400 protein spots, representing the products of 64 genes, were identified, and a unique pattern of protein relative abundance with(More)
In a previous comparative proteomic study of Bacillus anthracis examining the influence of the virulence plasmids and of various growth conditions on the composition of the bacterial secretome, we identified 64 abundantly expressed proteins (T. Chitlaru, O. Gat, Y. Gozlan, N. Ariel, and A. Shafferman, J. Bacteriol. 188:3551-3571, 2006). Using a battery of(More)
Geobacillus stearothermophilus T-6 produces a single extracellular xylanase (Xyn10A) capable of producing short, decorated xylo-oligosaccharides from the naturally branched polysaccharide, xylan. Gel retardation assays indicated that the master negative regulator, XylR, binds specifically to xylR operators in the promoters of xylose and xylan-utilization(More)
A genomic analysis of the Bacillus anthracis virulence plasmid pXO1, aimed at identifying potential vaccine candidates and virulence-related genes, was carried out. The 143 previously defined open reading frames (ORFs) (R. T. Okinaka, K. Cloud, O. Hampton, A. R. Hoffmaster, K. K. Hill, P. Keim, T. M. Koehler, G. Lamke, S. Kumano, J. Mahillon, D. Manter, Y.(More)
Bacillus stearothermophilus T-6 produces an extracellular thermostable xylanase. Affinity-purified polyclonal serum raised against the enzyme was used to screen a genomic library of B. stearothermophilus T-6 constructed in lambda-EMBL3. Two positive phages were isolated, both containing similar 13-kb inserts, and their lysates exhibited xylanase activity. A(More)
Three iron-regulated surface determinant (Isd) proteins, containing NEAr Transporter (NEAT) domains (GBAA4789-7), constitute part of an eight-member Bacillus anthracis operon. GBAA4789 (IsdC), previously characterized by others as a haem-binding protein, and two novel Isd proteins characterized in this study, GBAA4788 (IsdJ) and GBAA4787 (IsdK) proteins,(More)
An attenuated nontoxinogenic nonencapsulated Bacillus anthracis spore vaccine expressing high levels of recombinant mutant protective antigen (PA), which upon subcutaneous immunization provided protection against a lethal B. anthracis challenge, was found to have the potential to serve also as an oral vaccine. Guinea pigs immunized per os with the(More)
During the bleaching of wood pulp for the paper industry, large amounts of chlorinated aromatic compounds are produced and released into the environment. These compounds are extremely toxic and are a major source of pollution. The paper and pulp industry is seeking for alternative methods for bleaching pulp. One such method involves the use of(More)
We have recently reported Bacillus anthracis attenuated live vaccine strains efficiently expressing recombinant protective antigen (rPA) and have shown a direct correlation between the level of rPA secreted by these cells and efficacy (S. Cohen, I. Mendelson, Z. Altboum, D. Kobiler, E. Elhanany, T. Bino, M. Leitner, I. Inbar, H. Rosenberg, Y. Gozes, R.(More)