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Ras activation induces a variety of cellular responses that depend on the specific activated effector, the intensity and amplitude of its activation, and the cellular type. Transient activation followed by a sustained but low signal of the Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathway is a common feature of cell proliferation in many systems. On the contrary, sustained, high(More)
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is considered a housekeeping glycolitic enzyme that recently has been implicated in cell signaling. Under apoptotic stresses, cells activate nitric oxide formation leading to S-nitrosylation of GAPDH that binds to Siah and translocates to the nucleus. The GAPDH-Siah interaction depends on the integrity of(More)
Activation of Ras induces a variety of cellular responses depending on the specific effector activated and the intensity and amplitude of this activation. We have previously shown that calmodulin is an essential molecule in the down-regulation of the Ras/Raf/MEK/extracellularly regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in cultured fibroblasts and that this is due at(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a lipid storage disorder mainly caused by mutations in the NPC1 gene. Approximately 60% of these mutations are missense changes that may induce reduced NPC1 protein levels by increased degradation via ubiquitin-proteasome. This is the case for the most prevalent worldwide mutation, p.Ile1061Thr, as well as for other(More)
Cyclin D3 plays a critical role in maturation of precursor T cells and their levels are tightly regulated during this process. Alteration of cyclin D3 levels has been proposed to be important in the development of different human cancers, including malignancies of the lymphoid system. Thus, we have analysed the mechanisms involved in the regulation of(More)
A Ca2(+)-pumping ATPase has been characterized in rat hepatocyte plasma membranes. The enzyme has high Ca2+ affinity, and properties typical of a P-type ion pump. At variance with the Ca2+ pumps of other eukaryotic plasma membranes, it is not stimulated by calmodulin. The steady state concentration of the phosphoenzyme formed in the presence of ATP is(More)
alpha-Spectrin, myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), and caldesmon have been detected in the nuclei of rat liver cells by 125I-calmodulin overlay, immunoblotting, and immunocytochemical methods. alpha-Spectrin is localized in the nuclear matrix, nuclear envelope, and nuclear pores. It has also been detected inside the nuclei in the form of small aggregates.(More)
Transcriptional repressor complexes containing p130 and E2F4 regulate the expression of genes involved in DNA replication. During the G1 phase of the cell cycle, sequential phosphorylation of p130 by cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) disrupts these complexes allowing gene expression. The Cdk inhibitor and tumor suppressor p27(Kip1) associates with p130 and(More)
Although it is known that calmodulin is involved in G1 progression, the calmodulin-dependent G1 events are not well understood. We have analyzed here the role of calmodulin in the activity, the expression, and the intracellular location of proteins involved in G1 progression. The addition of anti-calmodulin drugs to normal rat kidney cells in early G1(More)