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Activation of Ras induces a variety of cellular responses depending on the specific effector activated and the intensity and amplitude of this activation. We have previously shown that calmodulin is an essential molecule in the down-regulation of the Ras/Raf/MEK/extracellularly regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in cultured fibroblasts and that this is due at(More)
Three nuclear subfractions were prepared from isolated hepatocytes nuclei. The calmodulin content in whole nuclei was 79 ng/mg of protein. The soluble fraction obtained after digestion of the nuclei with DNase I and RNase A (S1 fraction) contained 252 ng of calmodulin/mg of protein. The pellet obtained after the digestion with nucleases was treated with 1.6(More)
During central nervous system development, several transcription factors regulate the differentiation of progenitor cells to postmitotic neurons. Here we describe a novel role for Ikaros-1 in the generation of late-born striatal neurons. Our results show that Ikaros-1 is expressed in the boundary of the striatal germinal zone (GZ)/mantle zone (MZ), where it(More)
Ras proteins are small guanosine triphosphatases involved in the regulation of important cellular functions such as proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Understanding the intracellular trafficking of Ras proteins is crucial to identify novel Ras signaling platforms. In this study, we report that epidermal growth factor triggers Kirsten Ras (KRas)(More)
By using a 125I-calmodulin overlay assay, three major high-affinity calmodulin-binding proteins, showing apparent molecular masses of 135, 60, and 50 kDa, have been detected in purified nuclear fractions isolated from rat neurons. It has been shown that after extraction of the nuclei with nucleases and high salt, all these proteins remain strongly(More)
Cyclin dependent kinases (cdks) regulate cell cycle progression and transcription. We report here that the transcriptional co-activator PCAF directly interacts with cdk2. This interaction is mainly produced during S and G(2)/M phases of the cell cycle. As a consequence of this association, PCAF inhibits the activity of cyclin/cdk2 complexes. This effect is(More)
The nuclear calmodulin levels have been measured in rat neurons and glial cells. The values are 1.0 and 1.1 micrograms/mg of protein, respectively. These levels are about threefold higher than those in the nuclei of rat liver cells. We have also investigated the presence of several calmodulin-binding proteins in the nuclei of both brain cellular types. As(More)
Intracellular localization plays an important role in the functional regulation of the cell cycle inhibitor p21. We have previously shown that calmodulin binds to p21 and that calmodulin is essential for the nuclear accumulation of p21. Here, we analyze the mechanism of this regulation. We show that calmodulin inhibits in vitro phosphorylation of p21 by(More)
Transcriptional repressor complexes containing p130 and E2F4 regulate the expression of genes involved in DNA replication. During the G1 phase of the cell cycle, sequential phosphorylation of p130 by cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) disrupts these complexes allowing gene expression. The Cdk inhibitor and tumor suppressor p27(Kip1) associates with p130 and(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinases CDK4 and CDK6 are essential for the control of the cell cycle through the G1 phase. Aberrant expression of CDK4 and CDK6 is a hallmark of cancer, which would suggest that CDK4 and CDK6 are attractive targets for cancer therapy. Herein, we report that calcein AM (the calcein acetoxymethyl-ester) is a potent specific inhibitor of CDK4(More)