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Three plasma membrane subfractions have been isolated and characterized from rat liver cells. The high affinity Ca2+-stimulated ATPase is highly enriched in the bile canalicular subfraction. Taking into account cross-contamination by the blood sinusoidal and lateral membranes it is suggested that the high-affinity Ca2+-ATPase is located exclusively in this(More)
Activation of Ras induces a variety of cellular responses depending on the specific effector activated and the intensity and amplitude of this activation. We have previously shown that calmodulin is an essential molecule in the down-regulation of the Ras/Raf/MEK/extracellularly regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in cultured fibroblasts and that this is due at(More)
A Ca2(+)-pumping ATPase has been characterized in rat hepatocyte plasma membranes. The enzyme has high Ca2+ affinity, and properties typical of a P-type ion pump. At variance with the Ca2+ pumps of other eukaryotic plasma membranes, it is not stimulated by calmodulin. The steady state concentration of the phosphoenzyme formed in the presence of ATP is(More)
Ras activation induces a variety of cellular responses that depend on the specific activated effector, the intensity and amplitude of its activation, and the cellular type. Transient activation followed by a sustained but low signal of the Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathway is a common feature of cell proliferation in many systems. On the contrary, sustained, high(More)
alpha-Spectrin, myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), and caldesmon have been detected in the nuclei of rat liver cells by 125I-calmodulin overlay, immunoblotting, and immunocytochemical methods. alpha-Spectrin is localized in the nuclear matrix, nuclear envelope, and nuclear pores. It has also been detected inside the nuclei in the form of small aggregates.(More)
We report here that different cell stresses regulate the stability of cyclin D1 protein. Exposition of Granta 519 cells to osmotic shock, oxidative stress, and arsenite induced the post-transcriptional down-regulation of cyclin D1. In the case of osmotic shock, this effect was completely reversed by the addition of p38(SAPK2)-specific inhibitors (SB203580(More)
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is considered a housekeeping glycolitic enzyme that recently has been implicated in cell signaling. Under apoptotic stresses, cells activate nitric oxide formation leading to S-nitrosylation of GAPDH that binds to Siah and translocates to the nucleus. The GAPDH-Siah interaction depends on the integrity of(More)
Fine tuning of Ras activity is widely known as a mechanism to induce different cellular responses. Recently, we have shown that calmodulin (CaM) binds to K-Ras and that K-Ras phosphorylation inhibits its interaction with CaM. In this study we report that CaM inhibits K-Ras phosphorylation at Ser181 by protein kinase C (PKC) in vivo, and this is a mechanism(More)
Cyclin D3 plays a critical role in maturation of precursor T cells and their levels are tightly regulated during this process. Alteration of cyclin D3 levels has been proposed to be important in the development of different human cancers, including malignancies of the lymphoid system. Thus, we have analysed the mechanisms involved in the regulation of(More)