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Sound features are blended together en route to the central nervous system before being discriminated for further processing by the cortical synaptic network. The mechanisms underlying this synaptic processing, however, are largely unexplored. Intracortical processing of the auditory signal was investigated by simultaneously recording from pairs of(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify stage-specific induction of molecular pathology pathways in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHODS We performed mRNA profiling using muscles from fetopsies, infants (aged 8 to 10 months), and symptomatic patients (aged 5 to 12 years) with DMD, and age- and sex-matched controls. We performed immunohistochemistry to determine(More)
BACKGROUND About 65 percent of previously untreated adults with primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) enter complete remission when treated with cytarabine and an anthracycline. However, such responses are rarely durable when conventional postremission therapy is administered. Uncontrolled trials have suggested that intensive postremission therapy may(More)
We conducted a phase II trial of deoxycoformycin (pentostatin [DCF]) in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Eligibility criteria included age greater than 18 years, Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) performance status 0 to 2, lymphocyte count greater than or equal to 15,000 cells/microL, international stage B or C disease (multiple lymph nodes involved(More)
Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is a milder form of X-linked Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Here, we report a study of 75 patients with immunoblot and/or immunostaining findings of muscle biopsy consistent with BMD (abnormal dystrophin). We utilized multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) on genomic DNA (gDNA) to screen all 79 exons for(More)
Two hundred ninety patients with a recent diagnosis of multiple myeloma were studied psychologically at the time of initial treatment. Physician- and patient-completed psychosocial scales were correlated with physical variables used to measure tumor load and physical status. A logistic regression model was used to analyze objective response to treatment.(More)
A randomized therapeutic trial of three induction regimens for patients with lymphosarcoma and reticulum-cell sarcoma was conducted by the Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) (formerly Acute Leukemia Group B.) Addition of streptonigrin, but not cyclophosphamide, to the combination of vincristine and prednisone improved the complete remission rate achieved(More)
Between 1982 and 1986, 326 evaluable patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were randomized to receive cytarabine (Ara-C) at 200 mg/m2 (A200) or 100 mg/m2 (A100) for induction and maintenance therapy. Cycle 1 of induction therapy consisted of 7 days of continuous intravenous (IV) Ara-C and 3 days of i.v. daunorubicin (DNR); cycle 2, if needed, consisted(More)