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A fundamental question in the basic biology of aging is whether there is a universal aging process. If indeed such a process exists, one would expect that it develops at a higher rate in short- versus long-lived species. We have quantitated pentosidine, a marker of glycoxidative stress in skin collagen from eight mammalian species as a function of age. A(More)
Our initial studies suggested that the 5-HT2/1C agonist (+/-)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl-2-aminopropane [(+/-)-DOI] produces both the head-twitch response (HTR) and the ear-scratch response (ESR) in mice via stimulation of 5-HT2 receptors. However, challenge studies revealed that these behaviors are produced via two different receptors (possibly 5-HT2(More)
Cortical organization was examined in five shrew species. In three species, Blarina brevicauda, Cryptotis parva, and Sorex palustris, microelectrode recordings were made in cortex to determine the organization of sensory areas. Cortical recordings were then related to flattened sections of cortex processed for cytochrome oxidase or myelin to reveal(More)
We analyzed a comprehensive data set of ossification sequences including seven marsupial, 13 placental and seven sauropsid species. Data are provided for the first time for two major mammalian clades, Chiroptera and Soricidae, and for two rodent species; the published sequences of three species were improved with additional sampling. The relative timing of(More)
Studies of morphological integration can provide insight into developmental patterns, even in extinct taxa known only from skeletal remains, thus making them an important tool for studies of evolutionary development. However, interpreting patterns of integration and assessing their significance for organismal evolution requires detailed understanding of the(More)
Since moles are closely related to shrews, the gametes and reproductive tracts of the star-nose mole (Condylura cristata) and the eastern mole (Scalopus aquaticus) were examined to gain further insight into unusual reproductive traits of the Soricidae. Moles display many of these soricid traits, but with some important differences. The cumulus oophorus of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The least shrew is an established animal model for reproductive and pharmacologic research. Biologic reference data are needed to assess animal health status and provide a rationale for use of novel statistical programs to evaluate the effects of orally administered substances in toxicologic and pharmacologic studies. METHODS Organ(More)
Timing of organ development during embryogenesis is coordinated such that at birth, organ and fetal size and maturity are appropriately proportioned. The extent to which local developmental timers are integrated with each other and with the signaling interactions that regulate morphogenesis to achieve this end is not understood. Using the absolute(More)
The gametes of the least shrew, Cryptotis parva, were studied in regard to their maturation and structure, and with particular emphasis on their behavior in the fallopian tube, from the time of ovulation until the appearance of two-cell embryos beginning some 9 h after ovulation. Cryptotis spermatozoa are organized according to the conventional eutherian(More)
In the order Lipotyphla (Insectivora), certain reproductive features differ quite distinctly from the eutherian norms, and are of interest with regard to the evolution of mammalian gamete function and perhaps for questions of lipotyphlan phylogeny. As seen in one or more members of five lipotyphlan families (shrews, moles, hedgehogs, golden moles, tenrecs),(More)