Oriana Ramírez-Rubio

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BACKGROUND The barriers to HIV testing and counselling that migrants encounter can jeopardize proactive HIV testing that relies on the fact that HIV testing must be linked to care. We analyse available evidence on HIV testing and counselling strategies targeting migrants and ethnic minorities in high-income countries. METHODS Systematic literature review(More)
BACKGROUND Northwestern Nicaragua has a high prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) of unknown cause among young adult men. In addition, frequent occurrence of urinary tract infections (UTI) among men and a dysuria syndrome described by sugarcane workers as "chistata" are both reported. This study examines health professionals´ perceptions regarding(More)
BACKGROUND In Central America, an epidemic of chronic kidney disease of unknown cause disproportionately affects young male agricultural workers. STUDY DESIGN Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS 284 sugarcane workers in 7 jobs were recruited from one company in northwestern Nicaragua. Blood and urine samples were collected before and near(More)
BACKGROUND There is an epidemic of chronic kidney disease (CKD) of unknown etiology in Central American workers. OBJECTIVES To investigate changes and job-specific differences in kidney function over a 6-month sugarcane harvest season, explore the potential role of hydration, and measure proteinuria. METHODS We recruited 284 Nicaraguan sugarcane workers(More)
BACKGROUND An epidemic of chronic kidney disease (CKD) of non-traditional aetiology has been recently recognized by health authorities as a public health priority in Central America. Previous studies have identified strenuous manual work, agricultural activities and residence at low altitude as potential risk factors; however, the aetiology remains unknown.(More)
BACKGROUND In the context of an European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) research project, our objective was to describe current recommendations regarding HIV testing and counselling targeting migrants and ethnic minorities in the European Union/European Economic Area/European Free Trade Association (EU/EEA/EFTA) Member States. METHODS An(More)
BACKGROUND Leptospirosis is postulated as a possible cause of Mesoamerican Nephropathy (MeN) in Central American workers. OBJECTIVES Investigate job-specific Leptospira seroprevalence and its association with kidney disease biomarkers. METHODS In 282 sugarcane workers, 47 sugarcane applicants and 160 workers in other industries, we measured(More)