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BACKGROUND Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) has been suggested to be beneficial in inflammatory bowel disease but the mechanisms responsible for its therapeutic effects have not been elucidated. AIM To assess the effect of HBO treatment on colonic damage in two models of experimental colitis, and to examine whether this effect is mediated by modulation of NO(More)
Following the collapse of a building, seven subjects (aged 18 to 41 years) were released from under the rubble within one to 28 hours. All seven suffered from extensive crush injuries with evidence of severe rhabdomyolysis and were treated by the induction of an alkaline solute diuresis immediately on their extrication from the debris. The leakage of muscle(More)
An increase in the blood hemoglobin concentration was found in four of five patients on chronic hemodialysis following subtotal parathyroidectomy performed for the treatment of incapacitating osteodystrophy. In a sixth hemodialyzed patient, there was a striking increase in the hemoglobin level following treatment with 1alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol with(More)
The present study evaluated the effects and mechanisms of action of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on medullary and cortical blood flow (MBF and CBF, respectively). CBF and MBF were measured simultaneously by laser-Doppler flowmetry in anesthetized male Wistar rats. Bolus injection of ET-1 (1.0 nmol/kg iv) produced a sustained decrease in CBF (delta = -30%) and a(More)