BACKGROUND Ischaemic kidney injury continues to play a dominant role in the pathogenesis of acute renal failure (ARF) in many surgical and medical settings. A major event in the induction of renal injury is related to the generation of oxygen-free radicals. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) is indicated for treatment of many ischaemic events but not for ARF.… (More)
Auditory brain-stem evoked potentials (ABEPs) and pure-tone audiograms were obtained for 38 patients with renal failure, undergoing dialysis, before and after a dialysis session, and for 40 healthy normal subjects. Blood chemistry was also evaluated for each patient before and after dialysis. ABEP abnormality (using 10/sec click rate) was observed for 24%… (More)
Four attempts to construct an arteriovenous fistula in the arms of a patient with chronic uremia resulted in occlusion of the fistulae. This was caused by superior vena cava syndrome which, in turn, was a late complication of transvenous pacing. A fistula was subsequently successfully constructed in a lower extremity.
Two patients with kidney transplants had hypertensive encephalopathy and rapidly progressive kidney failure 10 weeks and 18 months postoperatively. In one patient renal failure was associated with erythrocytosis. Absence of proteinuria, despite progressive renal insufficiency in both patients, suggested that these abnormalities were not due to rejection… (More)