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The brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) invariably exhibit neuropathology in the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex when examined postmortem. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers a noninvasive, high-resolution method for quantifying volumetric changes in the AD brain antemortem. Eight patients diagnosed with probable AD and 7 age-matched(More)
Whether long febrile seizures (FSs) can cause epilepsy in the absence of genetic or acquired predisposing factors is unclear. Having established causality between long FSs and limbic epilepsy in an animal model, we studied here if the duration of the inciting FSs influenced the probability of developing subsequent epilepsy and the severity of the(More)
While the majority of children with febrile seizures have an excellent prognosis, a small percentage are later discovered to have cognitive impairment. Whether the febrile seizures produce the cognitive deficits or the febrile seizures are a marker or the result of underlying brain pathology is not clear from the clinical literature. We evaluated(More)
Breast density has been established as an independent risk factor associated with the development of breast cancer. It is known that an increase of mammographic density is associated with an increased cancer risk. Since a mammogram is a projection image, different body position, level of compression, and the x-ray intensity may lead to a large variability(More)
PURPOSE To compare changes in the concentration of choline-containing compounds (tCho) and in tumor size at follow-up after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) between patients who achieved pathologic complete response (pCR) and those who did not (non-pCR). MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was approved by the institutional review board and was compliant with(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate possible immune mechanisms in fatal herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) encephalitis (HSE) after HSV-1 corneal inoculation. Susceptible 129S6 (129) but not resistant C57BL/6 (B6) mice developed intense focal inflammatory brain stem lesions of primarily F4/80(+) macrophages and Gr-1(+) neutrophils detectable by(More)
Behavioral studies, motivated by columnar cortical model predictions, have given evidence for music causally enhancing spatial-temporal reasoning. A wide range of behavioral experiments showed that listening to a Mozart Sonata (K.448) gave subsequent enhancements. An EEG coherence study gave evidence for a carryover from that Mozart Sonata listening(More)
We propose a compartmental model to explain the signal enhancement curves following the bolus injection of Gd-DTPA. The model incorporates vascular volume fraction contribution, and the possibility of having different transport constants between the plasma and extravascular components. A Walker 256 carcinoma grown in rat muscle was used to demonstrate the(More)
Dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging was used to measure the kinetics of enhancement in three different animal tumor models (Walker 256, R3230 AC, MCF7) using three different Gd complexes (Gd-DTPA, Gd-DTPA-24-cascade-polymer 30 kD, and polylysine-Gd-DTPA 50 kD). The three tumor models varied in growth rate, with the most rapid growth demonstrated by Walker(More)
In recent years, dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) has altered the clinical management for women with breast cancer. In March 2007, the American Cancer Society (ACS) issued a new guideline recommending annual MRI screening for high-risk women. This guideline is expected to substantially increase the number of women each year who(More)