Orestes Denis

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We compared in a 5-year intervention study the cost-effectiveness of community-based environmental management intertwined with routine vertical Aedes control and of routine vertical control only. At baseline (year 2000), Aedes infestation levels and economic costs for vector control were comparable in intervention and control areas (house index, 2.23%(More)
Nosocomial late-onset sepsis represents a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm neonates. The Staphylococcus capitis clone NRCS-A has been previously described as an emerging cause of nosocomial bacteraemia in French neonatal intensive-care units (NICUs). In this study, we aimed to explore the possible unrecognized dissemination of this clone(More)
A new automated amplification method, Ligase Chain Reaction (LCx MTB), was evaluated for direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in respiratory specimens from 208 patients and its performance was compared with culture and direct smears. Out of 226 specimens, 28 LCx MTB and 15 cultures were found positive for M. tuberculosis. After resolution of(More)
We conducted an economic appraisal of two strategies for Aedes aegypti control: a vertical versus a community-based approach. Costs were calculated for the period 2000-2002 in three pilot areas of Santiago de Cuba where a community intervention was implemented and compared with three control areas with routine vertical programme activities. Reduction in A.(More)
Two cases of primary ano-rectal melanoma are reported. Primary melanoma of the anorectum is an uncommon and highly malignant disease (the survival rate is about 7 to 12 percent at 5 years). The tumour may be difficult to diagnose when it is not pigmented (16 to 53 percent of the cases). At histological examination the diagnosis is impossible in 30 percent(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying determinants of morbidity and mortality may help target future interventions for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children. METHODS CD4(+) T-cell count, HIV viral load, and levels of biomarkers (C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor α [TNF-α], interleukin 6 [IL-6], and soluble CD14) and interleukin 7 were measured at(More)
BACKGROUND Cross-resistance after first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) failure is expected to impair activity of nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) in second-line therapy for patients with HIV, but evidence for the effect of cross-resistance on virological outcomes is limited. We aimed to assess the association between the activity,(More)
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