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Obstructive sleep apnoeas (OSA) exert immediate marked cardiovascular effects, and may favour the development of systemic and pulmonary hypertension in the long-term. As for the pathogenesis of the acute cardiovascular changes, the first studies high-lighted the role of OSA-induced hypoxia and mechanical changes. However, more recent work pointed to the(More)
To evaluate the release of catecholamines and their relationship with systemic blood pressure (BP) in normotensive patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), diurnal and nocturnal urinary norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) excretion in 12 normal subjects and in 10 OSAS patients were compared; in addition, nocturnal NE and E excretion were(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess spontaneous baroreceptor-heart rate reflex sensitivity during sleep in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, a condition associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and characterized by marked sympathetic activation, which is believed to originate from hypoxic chemoreceptor stimulation, although little is(More)
BACKGROUND Expiratory flow limitation (EFL) by negative expiratory pressure (NEP) testing, quantified as the expiratory flow-limited part of the flow-volume curve, may be influenced by airway obstruction of intrathoracic and extrathoracic origins. NEP application during tidal expiration immediately determines a rise in expiratory flow (V) followed by a(More)
In order to investigate the role of hypoxia on the cyclic oscillation of transmural pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) in obstructive sleep apnea, oxygen was administered during one half of the night to six patients affected by obstructive sleep apnea syndrome during a nocturnal polysomnographic study. In each patient, transmural PAP measurements were(More)
This study aimed to investigate the effect of periodic breathing (PB) at high altitude on sleep structure and arterial oxygen saturation (Sa,O2). Five healthy subjects underwent polysomnographic studies at sea level, and during the first and the fourth week of sojourn at 5,050 m. Their breathing pattern, sleep architecture and Sa,O2 were analysed. PB was(More)
Seven patients with OSAS were studied during nocturnal sleep in order to assess the trend of PAP throughout apneas and to identify factors possibly associated with such a trend. All patients underwent a polysomnography including the monitoring of PAP and esophageal pressure. While intravascular PAP decreased during apneas and increased at the resumption of(More)
Our purpose was to assess how pulmonary artery pressure changes in relation to hypoxia and oesophageal pressure during obstructive sleep apnoeas. Transmural systolic pulmonary artery pressure (Ppa,STM), oxyhaemoglobin saturation (SaO2) and oesophageal pressure were analysed in two samples of consecutive obstructive apnoeas in each of four patients. In the(More)
The role of the arterial baroreflex in the cardiovascular changes associated with the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), and the effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on baroreflex function during sleep are unknown. Baroreflex control of heart rate was studied in 29 normotensive patients with OSAS under no treatment, in(More)
BACKGROUND Automatic CPAP has been developed to improve CPAP efficiency and compliance. Continually matching the effective pressure may be associated to more frequent arousals that could disturb sleep. The aim of the present study was to compare sleep architecture after one month's home therapy with CPAP or with an AutoCPAP device. METHODS Twenty OSAS(More)