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Obstructive sleep apnoeas (OSA) exert immediate marked cardiovascular effects, and may favour the development of systemic and pulmonary hypertension in the long-term. As for the pathogenesis of the acute cardiovascular changes, the first studies high-lighted the role of OSA-induced hypoxia and mechanical changes. However, more recent work pointed to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess spontaneous baroreceptor-heart rate reflex sensitivity during sleep in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, a condition associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and characterized by marked sympathetic activation, which is believed to originate from hypoxic chemoreceptor stimulation, although little is(More)
Seven patients with OSAS were studied during nocturnal sleep in order to assess the trend of PAP throughout apneas and to identify factors possibly associated with such a trend. All patients underwent a polysomnography including the monitoring of PAP and esophageal pressure. While intravascular PAP decreased during apneas and increased at the resumption of(More)
BACKGROUND Expiratory flow limitation (EFL) by negative expiratory pressure (NEP) testing, quantified as the expiratory flow-limited part of the flow-volume curve, may be influenced by airway obstruction of intrathoracic and extrathoracic origins. NEP application during tidal expiration immediately determines a rise in expiratory flow (V) followed by a(More)
This study aimed to investigate the effect of periodic breathing (PB) at high altitude on sleep structure and arterial oxygen saturation (Sa,O2). Five healthy subjects underwent polysomnographic studies at sea level, and during the first and the fourth week of sojourn at 5,050 m. Their breathing pattern, sleep architecture and Sa,O2 were analysed. PB was(More)
BACKGROUND In-hospital polysomnography (PSG) often is performed to monitor neuromuscular patients under noninvasive ventilation (NIV), but success of home PSG has not been established for that purpose. Reliability of sleep diaries in neuromuscular patients is unknown. The aims of our study were to evaluate feasibility, quality, and acceptability of(More)
To evaluate the release of catecholamines and their relationship with systemic blood pressure (BP) in normotensive patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), diurnal and nocturnal urinary norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) excretion in 12 normal subjects and in 10 OSAS patients were compared; in addition, nocturnal NE and E excretion were(More)
In patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), pulmonary haemodynamics can show both transient perturbations during sleep and permanent alterations. During sleep, repeated fluctuations in pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary wedge pressure, coincident with apnoeas, can be observed. Calculation of transmural pressure values is preferable to(More)
The reliability of a POLYMESAM (PM) instrument in the detection of ventilatory disorders and in the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) was evaluated in 50 subjects suspected for OSAS, simultaneously studied by polysomnography (PSG) in a sleep laboratory. Recordings were analysed by separate scorers, blinded to the results of the paired(More)