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The <i>edit distance</i> between two ordered rooted trees with vertex labels is the minimum cost of transforming one tree into the other by a sequence of elementary operations consisting of deleting and relabeling existing nodes, as well as inserting new nodes. In this article, we present a worst-case <i>O</i>(<i>n</i><sup>3</sup>)-time algorithm for the… (More)

We introduce a new compression scheme for labeled trees based on top trees [3]. Our compression scheme is the first to simultaneously take advantage of internal repeats in the tree (as opposed to the classical DAG compression that only exploits rooted subtree repeats) while also supporting fast navigational queries directly on the compressed representation.… (More)

Let <i>S</i> be a string of length <i>N</i> compressed into a context-free grammar <i>S</i> of size <i>n</i>. We present two representations of <i>S</i> achieving <i>O</i>(log <i>N</i>) random access time, and either <i>O</i>(<i>n</i> · α<sub><i>k</i></sub>(<i>n</i>)) construction time and space on the pointer machine model, or <i>O</i>(<i>n</i>)… (More)

We present new results on Cartesian trees with applications in range minimum queries and bottleneck edge queries. We introduce a cache-oblivious Cartesian tree for solving the range minimum query problem, a Cartesian tree for the bottleneck edge query problem on trees and undirected graphs, and a proof that no Cartesian tree exists for the two-dimensional… (More)

The Local Alignment problem is a classical problem with applications in biology. Given two input strings and a scoring function on pairs of letters, one is asked to find the substrings of the two input strings that are most similar under the scoring function. The best algorithms for Local Alignment run in time that is roughly quadratic in the string length.… (More)

We address the extension of the binary search technique from sorted arrays and totally ordered sets to trees and tree-like partially ordered sets. As in the sorted array case, the goal is to minimize the number of queries required to find a target element in the worst case. However, while the optimal strategy for searching an array is straightforward… (More)

When designing a preemptive online algorithm for the maximum matching problem, we wish to maintain a valid matching M while edges of the underlying graph are presented one after the other. When presented with an edge e, the algorithm should decide whether to augment the matching M by adding e (in which case e may be removed later on) or to keep M in its… (More)

We start a systematic study of data structures for the nearest colored node problem on trees. Given a tree with colored nodes and weighted edges, we want to answer queries (v, c) asking for the nearest node to node v that has color c. This is a natural generalization of the well-known nearest marked ancestor problem. We give an O(n)-space O(log log n)-query… (More)

We give an O(n log 2 n)-time, linear-space algorithm that, given a directed planar graph with positive and negative arc-lengths, and given a node s, finds the distances from s to all nodes. The best previously known algorithm requires O(n log 3 n) time and O(n log n) space. 1 Introduction The problem of directed shortest paths with negative lengths is as… (More)

The edit distance problem is a classical fundamental problem in computer science in general, and in combinatorial pattern matching in particular. The standard dynamic-programming solution for this problem computes the edit-distance between a pair of strings of total length O(N) in O(N 2) time. To this date, this quadratic upper-bound has never been… (More)