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BACKGROUND & AIMS The liver is a major site of drug metabolism and elimination and as such is susceptible to drug toxicity. Drug induced liver injury is a leading cause of acute liver injury, of which acetaminophen (APAP) is the most frequent causative agent. APAP toxicity is initiated by its toxic metabolite NAPQI. However, downstream mechanisms underlying(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of adoptive transfer of regulatory natural killer T (NKT) lymphocytes on the metabolic disorder in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice, which feature depletion and defective function of NKT and CD4 lymphocytes. Leptin-deficient ob/ob mice were subjected to transplantation of 1 x 10(6) of either ob/ob or(More)
BACKGROUND The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the cellular site for protein folding. ER stress occurs when protein folding capacity is exceeded. This stress induces a cyto-protective signaling cascades termed the unfolded protein response (UPR) aimed at restoring homeostasis. While acute ER stress is lethal, chronic sub-lethal ER stress causes cells to adapt(More)
Viral reactivation in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carriers undergoing immunosuppressive therapy is well documented. To evaluate the role of lamivudine prophylaxis in Hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers treated with immunosuppression for nonhepatic disorders, we reviewed our experience between 1997 and 2000 at Hadassah University Hospital (Jerusalem,(More)
BACKGROUND Ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterized by a life-long chronic course with remissions and exacerbations. Approximately 15% of patients have a severe attack requiring hospitalization at some time during their illness. These patients are traditionally treated with intravenous corticosteroids, with a response rate of approximately 60%. The patients(More)
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a common cause of cryptogenic cirrhosis in the Western world. In an animal model of NASH, leptin-deficient ob/ob mice present with alterations in number and function of hepatic NKT and peripheral CD4 lymphocytes. Oral immune regulation is a method to alter the immune response towards orally administered antigens. To(More)
BACKGROUND As the field of minimally invasive surgery continues to develop, surgeons are confronted with the challenge of performing conventional laparoscopic surgeries through fewer incisions while maintaining the same degree of safety and surgical efficiency. Most of these methods involve elimination of the ports previously designated for retraction. As a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS MK-5172 is an inhibitor of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein 3/4A protease; MK-5172 is taken once daily and has a higher potency and barrier to resistance than licensed protease inhibitors. We investigated the efficacy and tolerability of MK-5172 with peginterferon and ribavirin (PR) in treatment-naive patients with chronic(More)
The liver has a remarkable capacity to regenerate after injury; yet, the role of macrophages (MF) in this process remains controversial mainly due to difficulties in distinguishing between different MF subsets. In this study, we used a murine model of acute liver injury induced by overdose of N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (APAP) and defined three distinct MF(More)
OBJECTIVES Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a noncytopathic virus, and hepatocellular injury is mediated by a defective host antiviral immune response. We have previously shown that antiviral immunity can be modulated through oral feeding of viral proteins. The aims of this study were to determine the safety and efficacy of treatment of patients with chronic HBV(More)