Oren Shibolet

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BACKGROUND & AIMS The liver is a major site of drug metabolism and elimination and as such is susceptible to drug toxicity. Drug induced liver injury is a leading cause of acute liver injury, of which acetaminophen (APAP) is the most frequent causative agent. APAP toxicity is initiated by its toxic metabolite NAPQI. However, downstream mechanisms underlying(More)
The liver has a remarkable capacity to regenerate after injury; yet, the role of macrophages (MF) in this process remains controversial mainly due to difficulties in distinguishing between different MF subsets. In this study, we used a murine model of acute liver injury induced by overdose of N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (APAP) and defined three distinct MF(More)
TLRs serve important immune and nonimmune functions in human intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). Proinflammatory Th1 cytokines have been shown to promote TLR expression and function in IECs, but the effect of key Th2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, IL-13) on TLR signaling in IECs has not been elucidated so far. We stimulated human model IECs with Th2 cytokines and(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of adoptive transfer of regulatory natural killer T (NKT) lymphocytes on the metabolic disorder in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice, which feature depletion and defective function of NKT and CD4 lymphocytes. Leptin-deficient ob/ob mice were subjected to transplantation of 1 x 10(6) of either ob/ob or(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a family of transmembrane proteins that recognize conserved molecular motifs on microorganisms. Ligand binding to TLRs initiates signaling cascades that activate NF-kappaB, MAPK, and interferon response factors. These culminate in cellular responses including activation of antimicrobial killing mechanisms, production of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is suspected to confer an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes (DM). However, only a few prospective studies evaluated NAFLD as a predictor for DM, most did not adjust for the full range of potential cofounders and none used an objectively quantified degree of steatosis. Our aim was to(More)
BACKGROUND Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) orchestrate the innate immune defence in human biliary epithelial cells (BECs). Tight control of PRR signalling provides tolerance to physiological amounts of intestinal endotoxins in human bile to avoid constant innate immune activation in BECs. AIMS We wanted to determine whether inappropriate innate(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperuricemia and gout are common complications of heart transplantation, reaching a prevalence of 84% and 30%, respectively, in heart transplant recipients. In contrast, they are seldom reported following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). METHODS We retrospectively evaluated 75 consecutive liver transplant recipients and 47 consecutive(More)
As the field of minimally invasive surgery continues to develop, surgeons are confronted with the challenge of performing conventional laparoscopic surgeries through fewer incisions while maintaining the same degree of safety and surgical efficiency. Most of these methods involve elimination of the ports previously designated for retraction. As a result,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Clinical and experimental data suggest an important role for intestinal microflora in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease, and probiotics have been shown to ameliorate pouchitis. We evaluated the effect of different preparations of probiotic bacteria on experimental colitis in rats. METHODS Rats were treated daily(More)