Orazio Arena

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The usefulness of electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring as well as the significance of the period of cross clamping in carotid endarterectomy have not been completely defined. In particular, the clinical importance of major EEG changes has not been fully investigated and some recent studies seem to indicate that the method has little value. As to the(More)
The authors report 19 consecutive children with cerebral arteriovenous malformations over the period 1978-1992. These patients are compared with a series of 120 consecutive adult patients with the same pathology, managed during the same period. The main clinical and angiographic features, as well as the treatment modalities and outcome are reviewed and(More)
In spite of the availability of the new endovascular technique (GDC) to manage cerebral aneurysms, to date, the crucial question "which is the proper treatment in a given patient?" still remains unsettled. In order to check whether an answer is possible, we retrospectively reviewed a personal series of 192 consecutive patients with cerebral aneurysms(More)
Anterior Basal Skull Fractures (ABSFs) may be complicated by Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) fistulae and intracranial infections. An initially non-operative management is usually suggested since most fistulae spontaneously stop within a few days thus requiring no surgical repair. However, if the fistula fails to stop or recurs, surgical treatment is to be(More)
Subclavian-cortical middle cerebral artery bypass by saphenous vein interposition is an uncommon recent revascularization technique used for immediate volume flow to the brain or when donor arteries are unavailable or inadequate. We used this technique in four cases of symptomatic common carotid artery occlusion. In the last two cases, severe, reversible(More)
OBJECTIVE This report focuses on the surgical management of aggressive intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae (d-AVFs), which are defined as fistulae with arterialized leptomeningeal veins (red veins). Particular attention is paid to the accurate identification of the venous drainage pattern and to the choice of the proper treatment strategy. METHODS(More)
Aneurysms of the vertebro-basilar junction area have been considered the most difficult to be surgically treated because of their deep location, the proximity of the brain stem and the cranial nerves. However, at present, new endovascular techniques and new transbasal surgical approaches offer valuable management strategies. This paper concerns six(More)
Two cases of an unusual complication of synthetic duraplasty are reported. In both cases, patients had been operated on because of meningiomas and dural defects had been repaired with Silastic. Some years later they developed severe graft-related haematomas and were ultimately successfully treated only by the removal of the synthetic grafts. On the basis of(More)
The most difficult aneurysms to be surgically treated are those of the vertebro-basilar junction area. This is due to their deep location and the proximity of brain stem and cranial nerves. Recently, new transbasal surgical approaches have been developed in order to realize a shorter and more direct access. Clival lesions, such as neoplasms, angiomas, and(More)