Oommen P Varghese

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We present here a novel synthesis route to functionalize high molecular weight hyaluronan (HMW-HA) with a hydrazide group and a bioactive ligand, namely bisphosphonate (BP). For this purpose, a new symmetrical self-immolative biscarbazate linker has been devised. The hydrazide group was used to form hydrazone cross-linked hydrogel upon treating with(More)
Understanding the influence of formulation and storage conditions on rhBMP-2 bioactivity is extremely important for its clinical application. Reports in the literature show that different research groups employ different parameters such as formulation conditions, storage, doses for in vivo applications etc. that makes it difficult to correlate results from(More)
Releasibility of doxorubicin from drug-conjugates is believed to be a prerequisite for its anti-cancer activity. Here, a new glyco-drug approach that circumvents the releasibility restriction is reported, opening a new possibility to design efficient, target specific drug delivery system. It is discovered that stable amide coupling of doxorubicin (DOX)(More)
Hyaluronic acid-based hydrogels are proven biocompatible materials and excellent carriers of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) that have been successfully tested for bone generation in vivo. Different formulations, with or without nanohydroxyapatite, have shown promise for craniofacial applications. In this study, 28 rats were used to investigate whether(More)
The application of RNA interference (RNAi) has great therapeutic potential for degenerative diseases of cartilaginous tissues by means of fine tuning the phenotype of cells used for regeneration. However, possible non-specific effects of transfection per se might be relevant for future clinical application. In the current study, we selected two synthetic(More)
A strategy has been designed to develop hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogel for in vivo bone augmentation using minimal invasive technique. A mild synthetic procedure was developed to prepare aldehyde modified HA by incorporating an amino-glycerol side chain via amidation reaction and selective oxidation of the pendent group. This modification, upon mixing with(More)
Functionalization of hyaluronic acid (HA) with chemoselective groups enables in situ (in vivo) formation of HA-based materials in minimally invasive injectable manner. Current methods of HA modification with such groups primarily rely on the use of a large excess of a reagent to introduce a unique reactive handle into HA and, therefore, are difficult to(More)
Biodegradable polymer scaffolds have great potential for regenerative medicine applications such as the repair of musculoskeletal tissues. Here, we describe the development of scaffolds that blend hydrogel components with thermoplastic materials, combining the unique properties of both components to create mouldable formulations. This study focuses on the(More)
Aldehydes have been used as an important bioorthogonal chemical reporter for conjugation of large polymers and bioactive substances. However, generating aldehyde functionality on carbohydrate-based biopolymers without changing its native chemical structure has always persisted as a challenging task. The common methods employed to achieve this require harsh(More)