Onofrio Leoni

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The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid et White) Chitw. is responsible for large yield losses in several horticultural crops. Fumigation with chemicals has been efficient in fighting this soil pest, but it clearly shows a negative environmental impact. Thus, it is necessary to find an environmentally friendly alternative to control this(More)
Bioactive compounds were produced from natural glucosinolates, secondary plant metabolites, using myrosinase (thioglucoside glucohydrolase EC isolated from ripe seeds of Sinapis alba. The enzyme was immobilized on granular nylon 6.6 with the crosslinking technique. Immobilized myrosinase displayed extraordinary operational and storage stability.(More)
Epidemiological and pharmacological studies have shown that colorectal cancer development could be reduced by consuming vegetables that contain glucosinolates. In view of this the effect of some glucosinolates and their isothiocyanate (ITC)-derived products on in vitro cell growth was studied. We report the isolation and characterization of ITCs derived(More)
A comparison of the effect of isothiocyanates and nitriles derived from some glucosinolates, namely, epi-progoitrin, sinalbin, glucotropaeolin, glucocheirolin, and glucoraphenin, on human erythroleukemic in vitro cultured cells was studied. Many studies have in fact evidenced that a consumption of vegetable containing glucosinolates could reduce the(More)
(5R)-5-Vinyl-1,3-oxazolidine-2-thione, (2S)-1-cyano-2-hydroxy-3-butene, and two diastereoisomeric erythro-(2S)- and threo-(2S)-1-cyano-2-hydroxy-3,4-epithiobutanes were prepared in pure form starting from (2S)-2-hydroxybut-3-enyl glucosinolate (epiprogoitrin). This glucosinolate was isolated in almost pure form using ripe seeds of Crambe abyssinica and then(More)
Ca-polygalacturonate is a demethoxylated component of pectins which are constitutive of plant root mucigel. In order to define the role of root mucigel in myrosinase immobilization and activity at root level, a myrosinase enzyme which had been isolated from Sinapis alba seeds was immobilized into Ca-polygalacturonate. The activity profile for the(More)
Cyanogenic plants have some potential as biocidal green manure crops in limiting several soilborne pests and pathogens. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and Sudangrass (Sorghum bicolor subsp. sudanense (P.) Stapf), in fact, contain the cyanogenic glucoside p-hydroxy-(S)-mandelonitrile-β-D-glucoside (dhurrin) as a substrate of its secondary defensive(More)
Glucosinolates, natural compounds found in Brassicaceae, can easily be transformed into desulfo-glucosinolates by action of Helix pomatia sulfatase. The recombinant β-O-glucosidase from Caldocellum saccharolyticum does not catalyse glucosinolate degradation but can hydrolyse desulfo-glucosinolates (thio-d-glucosidic substrates) to produce the corresponding(More)
Myrosinase, purified from white mustard seeds by affinity chromatography and homogeneous in SDS-PAGE, was used in immobilization experiments on common inexpensive solid matrices viz. trimaleylchitosan, gamma-alumina, gamma-alumina activated by dodecadiamin, silanized sand, silanized silica and cellulose triacetate. For each matrix the absorption and(More)