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Problematic gambling is thought to be influenced by neurobiological mechanisms. However, the neuroendocrine response to gambling is largely unknown. Therefore, the effect of casino gambling on the sympathoadrenal system, the HPA-axis, and pituitary hormones were analyzed. Fourteen male problem gamblers and 15 non-problem gamblers were examined in a balanced(More)
We have demonstrated that sexual activity produces transient sympathoadrenal activation and a pronounced, long-lasting increase in prolactin in men and women. However, by analyzing endocrine alterations at 10-min intervals, a precise assignment of these changes to the pre-, peri- and postorgasmic periods was not possible. Thus, the current study aimed to(More)
Behavioral conditioning is one of the most impressive demonstrations of brain-immune system interaction. Numerous animal studies have demonstrated behavioral conditioned effects on immune functions, however, human studies are rare. We investigated whether it is possible to behaviorally condition the acute response to interferon (IFN)beta-1a. In a(More)
Whereas responses to psychological stressors are well-characterized, little is known regarding responses to painful visceral stimuli. We analyzed the emotional, cardiovascular, neuroendocrine, and cellular immune responses to painful rectal stimulation and psychological stress in healthy individuals. Eleven healthy subjects were studied in three conditions(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the neuroendocrine and immune cell responses to acute psychosocial stress in obese compared to non-obese premenopausal women. METHODS N=15 obese (BMI> or =30) and N=24 (BMI<30) non-obese premenopausal women underwent public speaking stress. State anxiety, ACTH, cortisol, and the redistribution of immune cells were measured before,(More)
BACKGROUND We analyzed the neuroendocrine and immune cell responses to psychosocial stress in PCOS patients compared to BMI-matched healthy controls. METHODS Responses to public speaking stress were analyzed in 32 PCOS patients and 32 BMI-matched healthy controls. At baseline, during, and 10- and 45-min after stress, state anxiety, cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of mind-body therapy on neuroendocrine and cellular immune measures, health-related quality of life and disease activity in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) in remission. METHODS Thirty UC patients in remission or with low disease activity were randomly assigned to an intervention group(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) present with multiple risk factors for cardiovascular diseases at a young age, including obesity and chronic low-grade inflammation. Since depression is common in PCOS, this study aimed to address whether depression correlates with indices of chronic low-grade inflammation beyond the(More)
Acupuncture is the most popular component of traditional Chinese medicine in western countries, which has been widely used in the treatment of numerous medical conditions, e.g., pain, emesis or asthma. However, the effects of acupuncture on neuroendocrine and immune functions in humans remain unclear. Therefore, the present study was performed to analyse(More)
Thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) is a liver glycoprotein that transports thyroid hormones in serum. Inherited TBG defects appear as partial or complete deficiency and TBG excess. Sequencing of the TBG gene located on the X-chromosome has revealed nucleotide substitutions in partial TBG deficiency, and substitutions or deletions in complete deficiency(More)