Onikia Brown

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Individuals with a deficiency in the enzyme dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) may experience severe life-threatening toxicity when treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). As routine measurement of enzyme activity is not practical in many clinical centres, we have investigated the use of DNA mutation analysis to identify cancer patients with low enzyme(More)
A mutation at codon 974 of the dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) gene was previously described in a cancer patient with undetectable DPD enzyme activity who experienced severe toxicity when treated with 5-fluorouracil. We have studied the frequency of this mutation in 29 Scottish subjects with low DPD enzyme activity and in 274 American subjects. We(More)
This study describes sleep behaviors of U.S. college students (N = 1,252; 18-24 years old; 59% female) and examines associations of sleep duration with weight-related behaviors. More than one quarter of participants slept < 7 hr/night and had mean Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores indicating poor sleep quality. There were significant differences(More)
Metabolism of tryptophan (TRP) through the kynurenine (KYN) pathway in brain, liver, and kidney produces intermediates including the neuroactive agonist quinolinic acid (QA) and the antagonists kynurenic acid (KA) and anthranilic acid (AA) for N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the central nervous system. We hypothesized that elevated concentrations(More)
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