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BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD2) include a number of disorders with heterogeneous etiology that cause predominantly weakness and wasting of the shoulder and pelvic girdle muscles. In this study, we determined the frequency of LGMD subtypes within a cohort of Czech LGMD2 patients using mutational analysis of the CAPN3,(More)
OBJECTIVE An increased rate of fractures has been reported in patients with Turner syndrome (TS). We aimed to assess bone geometry and volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) at the radius in girls with TS and to evaluate the relationships between bone parameters and fracture history. METHODS AND DESIGN Sixty-seven girls with TS aged 6-19 years treated(More)
OBJECTIVES To present gender-specific pediatric normative data on the main parameters of muscle function assessed using jumping mechanography. METHODS The study population included 796 non-selected Caucasian children and adolescents (432 girls and 364 boys) aged 6-19 years recruited from 6 primary schools and 3 high schools. Maximum peak power (Pmax) was(More)
CONTEXT The low bone mineral density (BMD) and alterations in bone geometry observed in patients with Turner syndrome (TS) are likely caused by hypergonadotropic hypogonadism and/or by haploinsufficiency of the SHOX gene. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to compare BMD, bone geometry, and strength at the radius between prepubertal girls with TS and children(More)
Although a decreased areal bone mineral density (BMD) has been reported in patients with haemophilia, data are lacking that would reflect the three-dimensional structure of the bone and the muscle-bone relationship. We aimed to assess volumetric BMD, bone geometry and muscle-bone phenotype in boys with haemophilia, and to describe the association between(More)
UNLABELLED The short stature homeobox-containing gene (SHOX) plays an important role in bone development and growth. We aimed to assess bone geometry and volumetric bone mineral density at the radius in patients with isolated SHOX deficiency and to relate these bone parameters to the severity of disproportion between the upper and the lower body segment. 17(More)
Segmental absence of intestinal musculature (SAM) may, rarely, present with symptoms of ileus or intestinal perforation. Most commonly, the disorder presents with signs of intestinal disorders in newborns. Colonic perforations are then rare in adulthood. In this study, the authors present a case of a young female patient, operated for right abdominal pains(More)
Although the role of the non-classical human leukocyte antigen E (HLA-E) was originally thought to be limited to the development of a maternal tolerance to a semiallogeneic fetal graft, it is now known that HLA-E exerts multiple immunoregulatory functions. The significance of the presence of HLA-E in neoplastic cells and/or background microenvironment cells(More)
The pathogenesis of myotonic dystrophy type 2 includes the sequestration of MBNL proteins by expanded CCUG transcripts, which leads to an abnormal splicing of their target pre-mRNAs. We have found CCUG(exp) RNA transcripts of the ZNF9 gene associated with the formation of ribonuclear foci in human skeletal muscle and some non-muscle tissues present in(More)