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DIMSCAN is a semiautomatic fluorescence-based digital image microscopy system that quantifies relative total (using a DNA stain) or viable (using fluorescein diacetate [FDA]) cell numbers in tissue culture multiwell plates ranging from 6 to 384 wells per plate. DIMSCAN is a rapid and efficient tool for conducting in vitro cytotoxicity assays across a 4 log(More)
PURPOSE Fenretinide [N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (4-HPR)] is a cytotoxic retinoid that suffers from a wide interpatient variation in bioavailability when delivered orally in a corn oil capsule. The poor bioavailability of the capsule formulation may have limited responses in clinical trials, and the large capsules are not suitable for young children. To(More)
PURPOSE Cytotoxicity assays in 96-well tissue culture plates allow rapid sample handling for multicondition experiments but have a limited dynamic range. Using DIMSCAN, a fluorescence digital image system for quantifying relative cell numbers in tissue culture plates, we have developed a 96-well cytotoxicity assay with a >4-log dynamic range. METHODS To(More)
INTRODUCTION Alterations in cell cycle regulators have been implicated in human malignancies including breast cancer. PD 0332991 is an orally active, highly selective inhibitor of the cyclin D kinases (CDK)4 and CDK6 with ability to block retinoblastoma (Rb) phosphorylation in the low nanomolar range. To identify predictors of response, we determined the in(More)
PURPOSE We determined if the potentially otoprotective agent sodium thiosulfate (STS) could be given 6 h after cisplatin without diminishing the antineuroblastoma activity of cisplatin in human neuroblastoma cell lines in vitro (including cisplatin-resistant cell lines) and in neuroblastoma xenografts in vivo. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We determined the(More)
PURPOSE Altered PI3K/mTOR signaling is implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of breast cancers, including those resistant to hormonal and HER2-targeted therapies. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The activity of four classes of PI3K/mTOR inhibitory molecules, including a pan-PI3K inhibitor (NVP-BKM120), a p110α isoform-specific PI3K inhibitor (NVP-BYL719), an(More)
Everolimus (RAD001, Afinitor(®)) is an oral, selective mTOR inhibitor recently approved by the US-FDA in combination with exemestane for treatment of hormone receptor positive advanced breast cancer. To date, no molecular predictors of response to everolimus in breast cancer have been identified. We hypothesized predictive markers could be identified using(More)
The human EGF (HER) family of receptors has been pursued as therapeutic targets in breast cancer and other malignancies. Trastuzumab and lapatinib are standard treatments for HER2-amplified breast cancer, but a significant number of patients do not respond or develop resistance to these drugs. Here we evaluate the in vitro activity of dacomitinib(More)
HSP90 enables the activation of many client proteins of which the most clinically validated is HER2. NVP-AUY922, a potent HSP90 inhibitor, is currently in phase II clinical trials. To explore its potential clinical use in HER2-amplified breast and gastric cancers, we evaluated the effect of AUY922 alone and in combination with trastuzumab in both(More)
PURPOSE Fenretinide (4-HPR) is a cytotoxic retinoid with minimal systemic toxicity that has shown clinical activity against recurrent high-risk neuroblastoma. To identify possible synergistic drug combinations for future clinical trials, we determined whether ABT-737, a small-molecule BH3-mimetic that inhibits most proteins of the antiapoptotic Bcl-2(More)