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Exposure of algae or higher plants to bright light can result in a photoinhibitory reduction in the number of functional PS II reaction centers (n) and a consequential decrease in the maximum quantum yield of photosynthesis. However, we found that light-saturated photosynthetic rates (Pmax) in natural phytoplankton assemblages sampled from the south Pacific(More)
The measurement of variable chlorophyll (Chl) a fluorescence is widely used as a convenient and versatile tool in photosynthesis research. In many applications empirical correlations and simplified models of Chl a fluorescence are used with success. Nevertheless, variable Chl a fluorescence provides only indirect and complex image of processes occurring(More)
The selective replacement of photodamaged D1 protein within the multisubunit photosystem II (PSII) complex is an important photoprotective mechanism in chloroplasts and cyanobacteria. FtsH proteases are involved at an early stage of D1 degradation, but it remains unclear how the damaged D1 subunit is recognized, degraded, and replaced. To test the role of(More)
Oxygen evolving Photosystem II particles were exposed for up to 10 h to 100 W m-2 white light at 20°C under aerobic, low oxygen, strictly anaerobic and strongly reducing conditions. The fast and slow photoinactivation processes described earlier (Šetlík et al. 1989) were observed during the first 120 min. The third and by far the slowest process impaired(More)
The oxygen flash yield (YO2) and photochemical yield of PS II (ΦPS II) were simultaneously detected in intact Chlorella cells on a bare platinum oxygen rate electrode. The two yields were measured as a function of background irradiance in the steady-state and following a transition from light to darkness. During steady-state illumination at moderate(More)
We present here three-dimensional time-wavelength-intensity displays of changes in variable fluorescence, during the O(JI)PSMT transient, observed in cyanobacterium at room temperature. We were able to measure contributions of individual chromophores to fluorescence spectra at various times of fluorescence induction (FI). The method was applied to a(More)
Chlorophyll fluorescence is routinely taken as a quantifiable measure of the redox state of the primary quinone acceptor QA of PSII. The variable fluorescence in thylakoids increases in a single turnover flash (STF) from its low dark level F o towards a maximum F m STF when QA becomes reduced. We found, using twin single turnover flashes (TTFs) that the(More)
We analysed bacteriochlorophyll diel changes to assess growth rates of aerobic anoxygenic phototrophs in the euphotic zone across the Atlantic Ocean. The survey performed during Atlantic Meridional Transect cruise 16 has shown that bacteriochlorophyll in the North Atlantic Gyre cycles at rates of 0.91-1.08 day(-1) and in the South Atlantic at rates of(More)
The increase of chlorophyll fluorescence yield in chloroplasts in a 12.5 Hz train of saturating single turnover flashes and the kinetics of fluorescence yield decay after the last flash have been analyzed. The approximate twofold increase in Fm relative to Fo, reached after 30-40 flashes, is associated with a proportional change in the slow (1-20 s)(More)
The role of the slr2034 (ycf48) gene product in the assembly and repair of photosystem II (PSII) has been studied in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803. YCF48 (HCF136) is involved in the assembly of Arabidopsis thaliana PSII reaction center (RC) complexes but its mode of action is unclear. We show here that YCF48 is a component of two cyanobacterial(More)