Ondřej Hovorka

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We present data providing new evidence that poly[N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide] (PHPMA)-bound drugs, unlike free drugs, have both cytostatic and immunomobilizing activity (CIA). Immediately after injection, due to the high level of the drug, the main activity of the polymeric conjugate is cytotoxic and cytostatic. Later on, long-term circulating(More)
Rubropunctatin (1), monascorubrin (2), monascin (3) and ankaflavin (4) were purified from the mycelium of Monascus purpureus by flash chromatography on silica gel or reversed phase. Their embryotoxicity towards chicken embryos decreased in the order 2 > 1 > 3 > 4. The lower homologues 1 and 3 exhibited teratogenic effects on these organisms. Significant(More)
We provide data on in vivo targeting of the Thy 1.2 (CDw90) cell surface receptor expressed on neoplastic T cells, mouse EL4 T cell lymphoma. The targeting antibody and the anticancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX) were conjugated to a water-soluble copolymer based on N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) acting as a carrier responsible for controlled(More)
There is a wide range of techniques utilizing fluorescence of doxorubicin (Dox) commonly used for analysis of intracellular accumulation and destiny of various drug delivery systems containing this anthracycline antibiotic. Unfortunately, results of these studies can be significantly influenced by doxorubicin degradation product,(More)
To avoid the side effects of the anti-cancer drug doxorubicin (Dox), we conjugated this drug to a N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer backbone. Dox was conjugated via an amide bond (Dox-HPMA(AM), PK1) or a hydrazone pH-sensitive bond (Dox-HPMA(HYD)). In contrast to Dox and Dox-HPMA(HYD), Dox-HPMA(AM) accumulates within the cell's(More)
We have synthesized conjugates containing doxorubicin (DOX) bound to oligopeptide side chains (GlyGly or GlyPheLeuGly) of a water-soluble copolymer carrier based on poly[N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide] (PHPMA) either through proteolytically (PK1 conjugates) [Synthetic polymeric drugs. U.S. Patent 5,037,883 (1991)] or hydrolytically cleavable bond (HC(More)
The main limitation of contemporary anticancer chemotherapy remains to be the insufficient specificity of the drugs for tumor tissue, which decreases the maximum tolerated dose due to severe side effects. Micellar drug delivery systems based on amphiphilic block copolymers with a very narrow size distribution (10 to 100 nm in diameter) is a novel innovative(More)
Giardia intestinalis is an ancient protist that causes the most commonly reported human diarrheal disease of parasitic origin worldwide. An intriguing feature of the Giardia cell is the presence of two morphologically similar nuclei, generally considered equivalent, in spite of the fact that their karyotypes are unknown. We found that within a single cell,(More)
Doxorubicin is one of the most potent anti-tumor drugs with a broad spectrum of use. To reduce its toxic effect and improve its pharmacokinetics, we conjugated it to an HPMA copolymer carrier that enhances its passive accumulation within solid tumors via the EPR effect and decreases its cytotoxicity to normal, noncancer cells. In this study, we compared the(More)
The cytostatic effects of polymeric conjugates based on N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide copolymers (PHPMA) and containing doxorubicin bound through amide and hydrazone bonds (mixed conjugates) were compared with the cytostatic effects of monoconjugates containing drug bound through an amide or hydrazone bond. One group of mixed conjugates was formed from(More)