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The Wnt family of proteins is a group of extracellular signalling molecules that regulate cell-fate decisions in developing and adult tissues. It is presumed that all 19 mammalian Wnt family members contain two types of post-translational modification: the covalent attachment of fatty acids at two distinct positions, and the N-glycosylation of multiple(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hexokinase (HK) is a key glycolytic enzyme which promotes the maintenance of glucose homeostasis in cardiomyocytes. HK1 isoform is predominantly bound to the outer mitochondrial membrane and highly supports oxidative phosphorylation by increasing the availability of ADP for complex V of the respiratory chain. HK2 isoform is under(More)
Isolated defects of mitochondrial ATPase due to diminished biosynthesis of the enzyme represent new class of severe mitochondrial diseases of nuclear origin. The primary cause of decreased cellular content of ATPase appears to be a problem in assembly of the F1 catalytic part of the enzyme. With the aim to elucidate how the low ATPase content affects(More)
Myotonic dystrophy kinase-related Cdc42-binding kinase alpha (MRCKalpha, formally known as CDC42BPA) is a serine/threonine kinase that can regulate actin/myosin assembly and activity. Recently, it has been shown that it possesses a functional iron responsive element (IRE) in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of its mRNA, suggesting that it may be involved in(More)
Cercariae of schistosomes employ bioactive molecules for penetration into their hosts. These are released from specialized unicellular glands upon stimuli from host skin. The glands were previously well-described in the human pathogen Schistosoma mansoni. As bird schistosomes can also penetrate human skin and cause cercarial dermatitis, our aim was to(More)
SCA2 transgenic mice are thought to be a useful model of human spinocerebellar ataxia type 2. There is no effective therapy for cerebellar degenerative disorders, therefore neurotransplantation could offer hope. The aim of this work was to assess the survival and morphology of embryonic cerebellar grafts transplanted into the cerebellum of adult SCA2 mice.(More)
Pathogenic and non-pathogenic related microorganisms differ in secondary metabolite production. Here we show that riboflavin overproduction by a fungal pathogen and its hyperaccumulation in affected host tissue exacerbates a skin infection to necrosis. In white-nose syndrome (WNS) skin lesions caused by Pseudogymnoascus destructans, maximum riboflavin(More)
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