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BACKGROUND The ALG2-interacting protein X (ALIX)/AIP1 is an adaptor protein with multiple functions in intracellular protein trafficking that plays a central role in the biogenesis of enveloped viruses. The ubiquitin E3-ligase POSH (plenty of SH3) augments HIV-1 egress by facilitating the transport of Gag to the cell membrane. Recently, it was reported,(More)
The ubiquitin (Ub) domain protein Herp plays a crucial role in the maintenance of calcium homeostasis during endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. We now show that Herp is a substrate as well as an activator of the E3 Ub ligase POSH. Herp-mediated POSH activation requires the Ubl domain and exclusively promotes lysine-63-linked polyubiquitination. Confocal(More)
BACKGROUND The topoisomerases Top1, Top2alpha and Top2beta are important molecular targets for antitumor drugs, which specifically poison Top1 or Top2 isomers. While it was previously demonstrated that poisoned Top1 and Top2beta are subject to proteasomal degradation, this phenomena was not demonstrated for Top2alpha. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We(More)
Accumulation of putrescine in ornithine decarboxylase overproducing cells provokes apoptotic death that is inhibited by 2-difluoromethylornithine, a specific inhibitor of ODC. The apoptotic process provoked by putrescine involves the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria and activation of caspases cascades demonstrated by the cleavage of caspase-2,(More)
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