Omrane Belhadj

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During the first quarter of 1996, a major outbreak of clinical infection caused by multiresistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (MRKP) occurred in the neonatal ward of the 'Maternité Wassila Bourguiba' in Tunis, Tunisia. In total, 32 isolates of MRKP, comprising 23 clinical isolates and nine surveillance isolates, were recovered during this period and analysed for(More)
The aim of this study is to report the emergence of IncA/C conjugative plasmids harboring blaTEM-24, blaDHA-1, qnrA6, and aac(6')-Ib-cr genes among Providencia spp. isolates recovered in 2008 in Tunisia. The double-disk synergy test confirmed the phenotype extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) in 2 Providencia stuartii and 5 Providencia rettgeri. These ESBLs(More)
Orobanche crenata Forsk is a chlorophyll lacking holoparasite that subsists on the roots of plants and causes significant damage to the culture of leguminous plants and, in particular, to peas (Pisum sativum L.). Here, we investigated the potential of Rhizobium strains for biological control of Orobanche crenata using a commercial pea cultivar (Douce de(More)
A cefotaxime-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ML4313 was obtained from a patient from intensive care unit of Military hospital in Tunisia. This strain was resistant to beta-lactams, aminoglycosides, quinolones and phenicols, and tetracyclines. It was identified as producer of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) by double-disk synergy test between(More)
Using reversible electropermeabilization of cells and spheroplasts, we show that the cell wall and plasma membrane partly account for bleomycin resistance by acting as two independent barriers. We also report on the presence of a membrane protein that may be responsible for bleomycin internalization and toxicity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
A novel natural TEM beta-lactamase with extended-spectrum activity, TEM-138, was identified in a ceftazidime-resistant clinical isolate of Salmonella enterica serovar Infantis. Compared to TEM-1, TEM-138 contains the following mutations: E104K, N175I, and G238S. The bla(TEM-138) gene was located on a 50-kb transferable plasmid. Expression studies with(More)
The clinical isolate, Escherichia coli 1941, exhibits high resistance to chloramphenicol and tetracycline (minimum inhibitory concentrations of 512 micrograms/ml). Neither resistance is linked to the large conjugative plasmid present in the strain. The intracellular accumulation of radiolabeled chloramphenicol increased about 9-fold after the addition of(More)
Bleomycin is a highly potent cytotoxic and genotoxic agent used in the chemotherapy of various types of tumors. It is a radiomimetic anticancer drug that produces single- and double-stranded DNA breaks in a catalytic way. Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model system, we show that when a high amount of bleomycin molecules is internalized (100(More)
PURPOSE Aim of this study was to show the emergence of the qnr genes among fluoroquinolone-resistant, AMPC and ESBL (extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase) co-producing Morganella morganii isolate. MATERIALS AND METHODS A multi resistant Morganella morganii SM12012 isolate was recovered from pus from a patient hospitalized in the intensive care unit at the(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 802 was isolated at Rabta hospital in Tunis and was resistant to extended-spectrum cephalosporins and aztreonam. It produced a pI 7.6 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL). The ESBL, named LBT 802, was purified to homogeneity by filtration on Sephadex G-75 followed by CM-Sepharose chromatography and high-performance liquid(More)