Learn More
A cefotaxime-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ML4313 was obtained from a patient from intensive care unit of Military hospital in Tunisia. This strain was resistant to beta-lactams, aminoglycosides, quinolones and phenicols, and tetracyclines. It was identified as producer of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) by double-disk synergy test between(More)
During the first quarter of 1996, a major outbreak of clinical infection caused by multiresistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (MRKP) occurred in the neonatal ward of the 'Maternité Wassila Bourguiba' in Tunis, Tunisia. In total, 32 isolates of MRKP, comprising 23 clinical isolates and nine surveillance isolates, were recovered during this period and analysed for(More)
Using reversible electropermeabilization of cells and spheroplasts, we show that the cell wall and plasma membrane partly account for bleomycin resistance by acting as two independent barriers. We also report on the presence of a membrane protein that may be responsible for bleomycin internalization and toxicity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
A novel natural TEM beta-lactamase with extended-spectrum activity, TEM-138, was identified in a ceftazidime-resistant clinical isolate of Salmonella enterica serovar Infantis. Compared to TEM-1, TEM-138 contains the following mutations: E104K, N175I, and G238S. The bla(TEM-138) gene was located on a 50-kb transferable plasmid. Expression studies with(More)
The clinical isolate, Escherichia coli 1941, exhibits high resistance to chloramphenicol and tetracycline (minimum inhibitory concentrations of 512 micrograms/ml). Neither resistance is linked to the large conjugative plasmid present in the strain. The intracellular accumulation of radiolabeled chloramphenicol increased about 9-fold after the addition of(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 802 was isolated at Rabta hospital in Tunis and was resistant to extended-spectrum cephalosporins and aztreonam. It produced a pI 7.6 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL). The ESBL, named LBT 802, was purified to homogeneity by filtration on Sephadex G-75 followed by CM-Sepharose chromatography and high-performance liquid(More)
PURPOSE Aim of this study was to show the emergence of the qnr genes among fluoroquinolone-resistant, AMPC and ESBL (extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase) co-producing Morganella morganii isolate. MATERIALS AND METHODS A multi resistant Morganella morganii SM12012 isolate was recovered from pus from a patient hospitalized in the intensive care unit at the(More)
Klebsiella pneumoniae ML2011, a multiresistant isolate, was isolated from the Military Hospital of Tunis (Tunisia). The determination of the minimal inhibitory concentrations exhibited by K. pneumoniae ML2011 was performed by Etest. The crude extract of the isolates contains four different β -lactamases with pI 5.5, 7.3, 7.6, and 8.6. Only the β -lactamases(More)
The role of chromosomal cephalosporinases and secondary beta-lactamases in resistance to extended spectrum cephalosporins in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was investigated. Strains 687, 59, and 58 expressed an inducible chromosomal cephalosporinase, efficiently enhanced with cefoxitin and imipenem. The inducible activity in strain 802 was(More)
The rat liver mitochondrial DNA protein complex was purified employing a linear sucrose gradient. The ADP-ribosyl transferase activity appears to be associated with this protein DNA complex. Predominant acceptor proteins ranged between 116-30 KDa as revealed by LDS gel electrophoresis. These fractions did not contain any significant NAD glycohydrolase(More)