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PURPOSE The aim of this study was to create an access canal to the inner ear, by drilling, and perform the cochleostomy for cochlear implant surgery using robot guidance. METHODS A robot, a surgical drill and an Image-Guided Surgery (IGS) system were combined in a closed-loop setup. Ten temporal bones were scanned at the planning stages of the procedure.(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate artifacts produced by cochlear implants (CI) during 3.0 Tesla (T) magnetic resonance imaging of the brain using different sequences on phantom and cadaveric specimens. A phantom and three cadaveric specimens with CIs were imaged using a 3.0 T clinical scanner. Artifacts were analyzed quantitatively and according to the(More)
OBJECTIVE Percutaneous cochlear implant (PCI) surgery consists of drilling a single trough from the lateral cranium to the cochlea avoiding vital anatomy. To accomplish PCI, we use a patient-customized microstereotactic frame, which we call a "microtable" because it consists of a small tabletop sitting on legs. The orientation of the legs controls the(More)
PURPOSE Atraumatic electrode insertion has been identified to be a crucial step for the preservation of residual hearing abilities, which allows hybrid electro-acoustic stimulation (EAS). The authors propose a tool for automation of the insertion process to achieve this. METHODS General benefits as well as concept and design of an automated insertion tool(More)
PURPOSE As a substantial part of our concept of a minimally invasive cochlear implant (CI) surgery, we developed an automated insertion tool. Studies on an artificial scala tympani model were performed in order to evaluate force application when using the insertion tool. METHODS Contour electrodes were automatically inserted into a transparent cochlea(More)
To date, clinical application of image-guided surgery (IGS) to otology/neurotology has been limited, but a large potential market and numerous applications support use. Such applications include control of surgical instruments (eg, turning off a drill when close to an anatomic boundary), robotic surgery (eg, robotic mastoidectomy), and minimally invasive(More)
Cochlear implants (CI) are electronic devices incorporating an electrode inserted into the human cochlea for direct electric stimulation of the auditory nerve. The implantation has become the standard treatment for patients with severe-to-profound sensorineural loss not aidable with conventional hearing aids. The state of the art operative technique is a(More)
OBJECTIVE Percutaneous cochlear implant surgery consists of a single drill path from the lateral mastoid cortex to the cochlea via the facial recess. We sought to clinically validate this technique in patients undergoing traditional cochlear implant surgery. STUDY DESIGN Prospective clinical trial. METHODS After institutional regulatory board-approved(More)
Cochlear implant surgery is a procedure performed to treat profound hearing loss. Clinical results suggest that implanting the electrode in the scala tympani, one of the two principal cavities inside the cochlea, may result in better hearing restoration. Segmentation of intracochlear cavities could thus aid the surgeon to choose the point of entry and angle(More)