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BACKGROUND Cochlear implantation is a surgical procedure in which an electrode array is permanently implanted into the cochlea to stimulate the auditory nerve and allow deaf people to hear. Percutaneous cochlear access, a new minimally invasive implantation approach, requires drilling a single linear channel from the skull surface to the cochlea. The focus(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the level of demagnetization of the magnets and temperature changes in cochlear implants (Cis) in a 3.0 tesla (3.0T) MRI. STUDY DESIGN Experimental. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Demagnetization and remagnetization measurements were done on magnets for different types of CIs. Temperature of different body and electrode sides was measured(More)
Cochlear implant surgery is a procedure performed to treat profound hearing loss. Clinical results suggest that implanting the electrode in the scala tympani, one of the two principal cavities inside the cochlea, may result in better hearing restoration. Segmentation of intracochlear cavities could thus aid the surgeon to choose the point of entry and angle(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to create an access canal to the inner ear, by drilling, and perform the cochleostomy for cochlear implant surgery using robot guidance. METHODS A robot, a surgical drill and an Image-Guided Surgery (IGS) system were combined in a closed-loop setup. Ten temporal bones were scanned at the planning stages of the procedure.(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the feasibility of flat-panel detector based volumetric CT (fpVCT) scanning of the whole human skull base and maxillofacial region, which has thus far only been demonstrated on small, excised specimens. Flat-panel detectors offer more favourable imaging properties than image intensifiers. It is therefore likely that they will replace(More)
Bone-attached robots and microstereotactic frames, intended for deep brain stimulation and minimally invasive cochlear implantation, typically attach to a patient's skull via bone anchors. A rigid and reliable link between such devices and the skull is mandatory in order to fulfill the high accuracy demands of minimally invasive procedures while maintaining(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate artifacts produced by cochlear implants (CI) during 3.0 Tesla (T) magnetic resonance imaging of the brain using different sequences on phantom and cadaveric specimens. A phantom and three cadaveric specimens with CIs were imaged using a 3.0 T clinical scanner. Artifacts were analyzed quantitatively and according to the(More)
Indications for cochlear implants are determined by audiological and medical considerations. Clinical imaging is therefore an integral element for anatomical evaluation in terms of medical considerations. Several authors have discussed the variability of cochlear shape, especially cochlear length. Cochlear length is, however, an increasingly recognized(More)
OBJECTIVES In recent years, it has been possible to preserve hearing after cochlear implantation in patients with significant amounts of low-frequency residual hearing. Due to the dimensions and characteristics of the cochlear implants (CIs) Nucleus® Hybrid™-L24 and Nucleus Freedom™ CI422, both can be used to preserve residual hearing. The aim was to(More)
The success of cochlear implantation may be further improved by minimizing implantation trauma. The physical trauma of implantation and subsequent immunological sequelae can affect residual hearing and the viability of the spiral ganglion. An ideal electrode should therefore decrease post-implantation trauma and provide support to the residual spiral(More)