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INTRODUCTION After nonoperative decompression of acute sigmoid volvulus, definitive surgery is necessary because of the high risk of recurrence. However, the optimal surgical technique for this purpose has not been determined. METHODS We studied 106 consecutive patients (mean age, 60.9 (range, 26-93) years) who underwent emergency resection for acute(More)
PURPOSE Living with a permanent colostomy significantly diminishes a patient's quality of life. However, little is known about its influence on worship patterns in Muslims. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the quality of life in Muslim patients after surgery for rectal carcinoma, especially with respect to religious worship. METHODS We(More)
Dissemination of protoscolices-rich fluid during surgery for hydatid cyst disease is a major cause of recurrence. Instillation of a scolicidal agent into a hepatic hydatid cyst before opening is the most commonly employed measure to prevent this serious complication. In this clinical study, the efficacy of 0.04% chlorhexidine gluconate (Chx-Glu) during(More)
BACKGROUND Common bile duct ligation (CBDL) produces gallbladder distension and acute inflammation similar to that seen in human acute acalculous cholecystitis. CBDL in the guinea pig affects smooth muscle contractility. The aim of this study was to determine whether the nitric oxide-L-arginine pathway plays a role in the inflammatory process and abnormal(More)
Hydatid disease is a parasitic disease that is treated primarily by surgery. The most important complication of surgical treatment is spillage of the contents of the cyst, leading to secondary dissemination. In this study, the effect of chlorhexidine gluconate (Chx-Glu) was investigated in the treatment of experimental intraperitoneal hydatidosis (IPH). IPH(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The sigmoid colon is the most frequent site for a volvulus. In this report, we review our experience with sigmoid colon volvulus. METHODOLOGY We present our experience of 81 cases of sigmoid volvulus admitted to our department. RESULTS Preoperative endoscopic volvulus detortion was attempted in all patients, and in 39 of them the(More)
Intraoperative irrigation of the peritoneal cavity with scolicidal agents is frequently recommended when dealing with traumatic or spontaneous rupture of hydatid cysts. The present experimental study was designed to examine the influence of various scolicidal agents on adhesion formation and survival. A total of 149 rats were randomly allocated to nine(More)
Sclerosing cholangitis is a rare but dreadful complication of liver hydatid surgery. Almost all scolocidal agents are associated clinically or experimentally with this complication. Cetrimide–chlorhexidine combination is the most potent scolocidal agent, and this study was designed to examine its effect on the hepato-pancreatico-biliary system. Forty(More)
Severe burn induces biochemical mediators such as reactive oxygen species that leads to lipid peroxidation which may have a key role in formation of acute lung injury (ALI). Sildenafil is a selective and potent inhibitor of cyclic guanosine monophosphate specific phosphodiesterase-5. Sildenafil preserves alveolar growth, angiogenesis, reduces inflammation(More)
AIM To investigate in vitro effects of propofol, midazolam and dexmedetomidine, which are commonly used anaesthesic or sedatives, on spontaneous contractions of the ileum both in normal rats and those exposed to hyperdynamic peritonitis. METHODS Spontaneous contractions of isolated ileum muscle segments from sham operated rats and those exposed to(More)