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Oxidative stress is known to be an important contributing factor in many chronic diseases. We tested the hypothesis that in healthy normal volunteers zinc acts as an effective anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agent. Ten normal volunteers were administered daily oral zinc supplementation (45 mg zinc as gluconate) and 10 volunteers received placebo for 8(More)
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. Despite the estimated 565,650 deaths in 2008 of Americans as a result of cancer, it is mostly a preventable disease. Simply by modification of diet, maintenance of optimum body weight, and regular physical activity, 30% to 40% of all instances of cancer could be prevented. Modification of(More)
We have shown previously that genistein, the major isoflavone in soybean, inhibited the growth of human prostate cancer cells in vitro by affecting the cell cycle and inducing apoptosis. To augment the effect of radiation for prostate carcinoma, we have now tested the combination of genistein with photon and neutron radiation on prostate carcinoma cells in(More)
Epidemiologic studies suggest that zinc deficiency may be associated with increased risk of cancer. However, few studies have been conducted with zinc supplementation in animals and humans. Most previous intervention studies have used zinc in combination with several other micronutrients, which make them difficult to interpret. Zinc supplementation is(More)
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men in the United States. Epidemiological studies indicate that susceptibility to prostate cancer may be partly due to environmental influences, especially diet. An association has been shown between decreased prostate cancer risk and mortality with increased consumption of soy(More)
Cancer chemotherapeutic strategies commonly require multiple agents. However, use of multiple agents contributes to added toxicity resulting in poor treatment outcome. Thus, combination chemotherapy must be optimized to increase tumor response and at the same time lower its toxicity. Chemotherapeutic agents are known to induce nuclear factor kappaB(More)
An inverse association has been observed between dietary intake of lycopene and the risk of prostate cancer. We investigated the effects of lycopene supplementation in patients with prostate cancer. Twenty-six men with newly diagnosed, clinically localized (14 T(1) and 12 T(2)) prostate cancer were randomly assigned to receive 15 mg of lycopene (n = 15)(More)
We conducted a placebo-controlled, block-randomized double-blind Phase 2 study to examine the effect of 30 mg synthetic genistein daily on serum and tissue biomarkers in patients with localized prostate cancer (CaP). Fifty-four study subjects were recruited and randomized to treatment with genistein (n = 23) or placebo (n = 24) for 3 to 6 wk prior to(More)
Dietary intake of soy has been linked with decreased cancer risk, and the active compounds in soy that have been identified include the isoflavones genistein and daidzein. Since these compounds have antioxidant properties, we examined levels of oxidative damage in blood of six women and six men before and during soy supplementation using Novasoy tablets.(More)
OBJECTIVE We have shown previously that pretreatment with genistein potentiated cell killing induced by radiation in human PC-3 prostate carcinoma cell line in vitro. We tested this approach in vivo using an orthotopic prostate carcinoma model of PC-3 cells in nude mice. METHODS Established prostate tumors were pretreated with p.o. genistein at a dose of(More)