Ombretta Viapiana

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Bone formation is influenced by the Wnt pathway through effects on osteoblast functionality, and these actions are opposed by two antagonists: sclerostin and Dickkopf-1 (DKK1). Decreased levels of serum sclerostin were found after treatment with the PTH analogue teriparatide and in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), while treatment with(More)
We investigated the short-term effects on bone turnover markers of high doses of vitamin D3 in order to identify what initial therapeutic dose can be safely administered in vitamin D-deficient subjects. Thirty-seven elderly subjects [mean age 75 ± 3 (SD) years] were consecutively randomized to the administration of a single oral bolus of 600000, 300000, or(More)
Decreasing levels of estrogens during menopause are associated with reduced bone density and an increased risk of osteoporosis. Many women also experience bothersome vasomotor and vaginal symptoms during the menopausal transition. Results of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials have shown that both systemic estrogen therapy(More)
The aim of this study was to explore whether desensitization to the occurrence of the acute-phase response (APR) in patients previously treated with amino-bisphosphonates (N-BPs) is due to a long-lasting reduction in the number of circulating γδ T cells. Circulating lymphocyte subpopulation counts were obtained from 63 patients with postmenopausal or senile(More)
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a hereditary disease characterized by low bone mass, increased bone fragility, short stature, and skeletal deformities. This study focuses on OI type I, the mildest form of the disease. Bisphosphonates represent the prevailing standard of care in patients with OI. Teriparatide (TPD) is a PTH analog with bone-anabolic actions(More)
Tumor necrosis factor α inhibitors (TNFi) are the major class of biologic drug used for the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Their effects on inflammation and disease control are well established, but this is not true also for bone metabolism, especially for key factors as parathyroid hormone and Wnt pathway. Those two pathways are gaining importance(More)
Patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have an increased risk of bone loss and vertebral fractures. In this study, we explored the hypothesis that the excess bone loss and vertebral fractures might be related with the activity of the Wingless signaling pathway, and in particular with the serum levels of its circulating inhibitors, Sclerostin and(More)
Systemic Mastocytosis has been long identified as a potential cause of osteoporosis; nevertheless, data regarding longitudinal variation of bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with indolent systemic mastocytosis (ISM) are missing . We studied BMD variation at lumbar spine and proximal hip after 30-month (±6 months) follow-up in a large cohort of patients(More)
TNFα inhibitors (TNFαI) exert positive effects on disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Bone involvement is a major determinant of functional impairment in this disease. Here we investigated the short-term effects of TNFαI therapy on bone metabolism and density. We studied 54 patients with RA starting a TNFαI biologic drug, in whom any factor known(More)
Neridronate is an aminobisphosphonate, licensed in Italy for the treatment of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and Paget's disease of bone (PDB). A characteristic property of neridronate is that it can be administered both intravenously and intramuscularly, providing a useful system for administration in homecare. In this review, we discuss the latest clinical(More)