Omari J Bandele

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Traditional toxicological methods that utilize only single pure compounds may not accurately predict risks from substances with multiple chemical constituents. A complementary approach to conventional methodologies includes in vitro systems that assess toxicity of chemical mixtures and identify components that may adversely impact biological processes.(More)
Effects of the dosing matrix and timing on the onset of renal crystal formation were evaluated in male and non-pregnant female rats (Fisher 344) exposed to both melamine (MEL) and cyanuric acid (CYA) for 28 days. Rats were fed ground feed containing 60 ppm MEL and 60 ppm CYA, (5 mg/kg bw/day equivalent), or exposed via oral gavage to carboxymethylcellulose(More)
Although standard nephrotoxicity assessments primarily detect impaired renal function, KIM-1, clusterin, NGAL, osteopontin and TIMP-1 were recently identified biomarkers proposed to indicate earlier perturbations in renal integrity. The recent adulteration of infant and pet food with melamine (MEL) and structurally-related compounds revealed that(More)
The industrial chemical melamine was used in 2007 and 2008 to raise the apparent protein content in pet feed and watered down milk, respectively. Because humans may be exposed to melamine via several different routes into the human diet as well as deliberate contamination, this study was designed to characterize the effect of high dose melamine or cyanuric(More)
Although traditional assessments of renal damage detect loss of kidney function, urinary renal biomarkers are proposed to indicate early changes in renal integrity. The recent adulteration of infant formula and other milk-based foods with melamine revealed a link between melamine ingestion and nephropathy. Thus, the effects of melamine and related analogs(More)
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