Learn More
Clostridium difficile expresses a surface layer (S-layer) which coats the surface of the bacterium and acts as an adhesin facilitating interaction of the bacterium with host enteric cells. The S-layer contains a high-molecular-weight S-layer protein (HMW SLP) and its low-molecular-weight partner protein (LMW SLP). We show that these proteins form a tightly(More)
Plant-expressed vaccines may provide a unique opportunity for generating anti-pathogen immunity, especially in countries where cold storage is lacking. In the following study, we show that soluble protein from tobacco leaves expressing fragment C of tetanus toxin protected mice against a lethal tetanus toxin challenge. More importantly, we show that a(More)
Burkholderia thailandensis is a less virulent close relative of Burkholderia pseudomallei, a CDC category B biothreat agent. We have previously shown that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) extracted from B. pseudomallei can provide protection against a lethal challenge of B. pseudomallei in a mouse model of melioidosis. Sugar analysis on LPS from B. thailandensis(More)
Burkholderia mallei and B. pseudomallei are Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria, responsible for the diseases glanders and melioidosis, respectively. Furthermore, there is currently no vaccine available against these Burkholderia species. In this study, we aimed to identify protective proteins against these pathogens. Immunization with recombinant B. mallei(More)
We report the successful purification of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Burkholderia thailandensis, a Gram-negative bacterium, closely related to the highly pathogenic organisms B. pseudomallei and B. mallei. Burkholderia thailandensis LPS is shown to cross-react with rabbit and mouse sera obtained from inoculation with B. pseudomallei or B. mallei,(More)
Burkholderia pseudomallei, and other members of the Burkholderia, are among the most antibiotic-resistant bacterial species encountered in human infection. Mortality rates associated with severe B. pseudomallei infection approach 50% despite therapeutic treatment. A protective vaccine against B. pseudomallei would dramatically reduce morbidity and mortality(More)
Burkholderia are highly evolved Gram-negative bacteria that primarily infect solipeds but are transmitted to humans by ingestion and cutaneous or aerosol exposures. Heightened concern over human infections of Burkholderia mallei and the very closely related species B. pseudomallei is due to the pathogens' proven effectiveness as bioweapons, and to the(More)
Like many other bacterial cell surfaces, the cell wall of Clostridium difficile is also encapsulated by a proteinaceous paracrystalline layer, the surface (S)-layer. In many bacterial species, the S-layer proteins (SLPs) have been shown to be glycosylated, whereas in other species glycosylation is absent. Unusually, the S-layer of C. difficile is composed(More)
An approach for enhancing antibody affinity is to engineer Chelating Recombinant Antibodies (CRAbs) which consist of two tandemly linked single-chain Fvs (scFvs) that bind to distinct non-overlapping epitopes on the antigen molecule leading to a synergistic decrease in K(D). In order to develop this technology, the aim of this present study was to identify(More)
Inflammasomes are multi-protein signaling platforms that are primed upon sensing pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) as well as endogenous damage-associated molecular patterns (Kolliputi et al., 2010, 2012). Once primed, a complex forms between the inflammasome sensor, an adaptor protein with a caspase recruiter domain (ASC), and caspase-1, which(More)