Omar Marcillo

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Augmenting heavy and power-hungry data collection equipment with lighten smaller wireless sensor network nodes leads to faster, larger deployments. Arrays comprising dozens of wireless sensor nodes are now possible, allowing scientific studies that aren't feasible with traditional instrumentation. Designing sensor networks to support volcanic studies(More)
Continuous volcanic infrasound signal was recorded on a three-microphone network at Kilauea in July 2008 and inverted for near-surface horizontal winds. Inter-station phase delays, determined by signal cross-correlation, vary by up to 4% and are attributable to variable atmospheric conditions. The results suggest two predominant weather regimes during the(More)
We developed and deployed a wireless sensor network for monitoring seismoacoustic activity at Volcán Reventador, Ecuador. Wireless sensor networks are a new technology and our group is among the first to apply them to monitoring volcanoes. The small size, low power, and wireless communication capabilities can greatly simplify deployments of large(More)
Infrasound from a four-stage sounding rocket was recorded by several arrays within 100 km of the launch pad. Propagation modeling methods have been applied to the known trajectory to predict infrasonic signals at the ground in order to identify what information might be obtained from such observations. There is good agreement between modeled and observed(More)
We report on R&D that is enabling enhancements to the Bayesian Infrasound Source Location (BISL) method for infrasound event location. The focus of this effort is on improving BISL through the development and implementation of physics-based priors. Phase identification in BISL is incorporated through a prior probability density function on group velocity.(More)
Omar Marcillo Sound waves traveling at frequencies between 0.05 and 20 Hertz are called infrasound waves. Ocean waves, meteorites (Evers et al., 2001), large earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions (Johnson, 2003) are among the natural phenomena that produce infrasound waves. Nuclear and chemical explosions can also generate infrasound waves. Infrasound waves(More)
Blast waves produced by 60 high-explosive detonations were recorded at short distances (few hundreds of meters); the corresponding waveforms show charge-configuration independent coda-like features (i.e., similar shapes, amplitudes, and phases) lasting several seconds. These features are modeled as reflected and/or scattered waves by acoustic(More)
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