Learn More
Bone mineral density (BMD) is the most widely used predictor of fracture risk. We performed the largest meta-analysis to date on lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD, including 17 genome-wide association studies and 32,961 individuals of European and east Asian ancestry. We tested the top BMD-associated markers for replication in 50,933 independent subjects(More)
CONTEXT Both bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk have a strong genetic component. Estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) is a candidate gene for osteoporosis, but previous studies of ESR1 polymorphisms in this field were hampered by small sample size, lack of standardization, and inconclusive results. OBJECTIVE To generate large-scale evidence on whether(More)
The contribution of genetic polymorphisms to bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in women is a controversial topic. We evaluated the effect of the XbaI and PvuII polymorphisms of the estrogen receptor a to BMD and fracture risk in a meta-analysis, including published data and additional information from investigators. Five thousand eight hundred(More)
Hypophosphatemic rickets (HR) is a group of rare disorders caused by excessive renal phosphate wasting. The purpose of this cross-sectional study of 38 HR patients was to characterize the phenotype of adult HR patients. Moreover, skeletal and endodontic severity scores were defined to assess possible gender differences in disease severity in patients with(More)
Paget's disease is a common skeletal disorder with a strong genetic component, which is characterized by focal increases in disorganized bone remodeling, predominantly affecting the axial skeleton. Current evidence suggests that classical Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is caused by a combination of rare alleles of large effect size that cause autosomal(More)
Three polymorphisms (-1997G/T; -1663IndelT and +1245G/T) have been identified in the 5' flank of COL1A1 gene that are associated with osteoporosis but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here we investigated the functional effects of these variants on COL1A1 transcription. Transcription was 2-fold higher with the osteoporosis-associated G-del-T haplotype(More)
Osteoporosis is a common disease with a strong genetic component, characterized by reduced bone mass and an increased risk of fracture. Bone mineral density (BMD) is a highly heritable trait and a key determinant of osteoporotic fracture risk, but the genes responsible are incompletely defined. Here, we identified quantitative trait loci (QTL) for(More)
Genetic factors are important in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis and the estrogen receptor has been suggested as a possible candidate gene for regulation of bone mineral density (BMD). We investigated the relationship between PvuII, XbaI, and dinucleotide (TA)n repeat polymorphisms of the estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha) gene and BMD in a study of women(More)
Paget's disease of bone (PDB) has a strong genetic component. Here, we investigated possible associations between genetic variants that predispose to PDB and disease severity. Allelic variants identified as predictors of PDB from genome-wide association studies were analyzed in 1940 PDB patients from the United Kingdom, Italy, Western Australia, and Spain.(More)
BACKGROUND The gene encoding oestrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) appears to regulate bone mineral density (BMD) and other determinants of osteoporotic fracture risk. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relation between common polymorphisms and haplotypes of the ESR1 gene and osteoporosis related phenotypes in a population based cohort of 3054 Scottish women. (More)