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In a prospective study of 154 AIDS patients, 48 (31%) complained of pain on swallowing both liquids and solids and 32 (21%) of these also had dysphagia. While candidiasis was the most common cause of symptoms (26 patients), discrete ulceration of the oesophagus occurred in 12 instances in 10 patients (four cytomegalovirus, four herpes simplex virus, three(More)
Electrohydrodynamic atomization (EHDA) is a key research area for producing micro and nano-sized structures. This process can be categorized into two main operating regimes: electrospraying for particle generation and electrospinning for fibre production. Producing particles/fibres of the desired size or morphology depends on two main factors; properties of(More)
A retrospective analysis was carried out on a consecutive series of 181 percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsies of discrete pulmonary lesions, in which the outcome was established in 95%. In primary bronchial carcinoma the technique had a sensitivity of 86%. There was no relationship between the size, location, or radiological appearance of the lesion(More)
Human papillomavirus antigen was found in 39 (16%) of 253 colposcopic biopsies from a group of women at high risk for cervical cancer who had been examined in the early 1970s. Immunohistochemical evidence of papillomavirus infection was found in 20 (30%) of 67 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia lesions infected with wart virus from these patients. When(More)
Quantitative deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) analysis of cervical biopsy specimens from 26 women with cytological, colposcopic, and histological evidence of mild cervical atypia consistent with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade I, reactive atypia, or human papillomavirus infection alone or in combination was performed in a comparative evaluation of(More)
When non-malignant cells were reacted for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity, with neotetrazolium chloride as the indicator of the activity, oxygen competed with the neotetrazolium and nullified the reaction. In contrast, about 30% of the activity was retained in malignant cells, in sections and in smears, from cancer of the stomach or colon. This(More)
OBJECTIVE To collect information from children and young people about their knowledge of and attitudes towards cancer and their understanding of health and health related behaviours to inform future health promotion work. DESIGN Questionnaire survey of 15-16 year olds, and interviews with play materials with 9-10 year old children. SETTING Six inner(More)
ISSUES Cell Preparation Methods Standardized fixation and optimal staining Sampling of cervix, sampling error, homogenization of sample, subsampling Assessment of liquid-based preparations: efficacy and economic impact Training and transitional procedures before full implementation of new technologies Criteria for Sample Adequacy Clinician responsibility(More)