Omar Hernández

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We describe the genome of the western painted turtle, Chrysemys picta bellii, one of the most widespread, abundant, and well-studied turtles. We place the genome into a comparative evolutionary context, and focus on genomic features associated with tooth loss, immune function, longevity, sex differentiation and determination, and the species' physiological(More)
We have tested the two enantiomers of styrene 7,8-oxide and various thioether metabolites of racemic styrene 7,8-oxide for their direct mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium TA100. The mutagenicity data suggests that the (R) enantiomer is more mutagenic than the (S) enantiomer, with the racemic mixture intermediate between the two. The thioether(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the TSC1 or TSC2 gene. Patients afflicted with TSC develop tumors in various organ systems, but cerebral pathology is particularly severe. Conventional gene disruption of the Tsc1 or Tsc2 gene in mice cause limited central nervous system pathology. Homozygous deletion(More)
The rate and stereoselectivity of the cytochrome P-450 (P-450)-dependent oxidation of styrene to styrene 7,8-oxide (SO) were determined in rabbit pulmonary microsomes and with purified rabbit pulmonary P-450 isozymes in reconstituted monooxygenase systems. Stereoselectivity was determined by separation of the diastereomeric SO-glutathione adducts by(More)
It has been proposed that reduced glutathione (GSH) or other thiol reagents may participate in the basic mechanism by which sperm-decondensing activity is accomplished. However, in vitro, these reagents seem to be inactive and require the presence of other chemicals, usually detergents. Heparin binds specifically to the sperm membrane and provokes the(More)
Immunoreactivity to the amphibian peptide physalaemin was characterized from extracts of a human lung small-cell carcinoma by immunological, chemical, and pharmacological means. Tumor-related peptide cross-reacted with three antiserums to physalaemin to yield 1.1 to 1.6 nanomoles per gram of tissue. Physalaemin and tumor peptide had similar retention times(More)
Erspamer et al. isolated several structurally related non-mammalian peptides, termed tachykinins, with biological activities similar to substance P (refs 2, 3). This similarity is due to a common COOH-terminal region, whereas the specific action of each member of the group depends on its unique NH2-terminal sequence. Based on these properties, parallel(More)
A highly purified and reconstituted hepatic microsomal monooxygenase system, completely free of epoxide hydrase and consisting of cytochrome P-448 from 3-methylcholanthrene-treated rats, NADPH-cytochrome c reductase, phosphatidylcholine, and NADPH, metabolizes benzo (a)pyrene to products highly mutagenic in strains TA 98 and TA 1538 of Salmonella(More)
The presence of immunoreactive bombesin in a human lung small-cell carcinoma grown in nude mice was established by several criteria: (i) Radioimmunoassay of tissue extracts for bombesin revealed approximately 6.5 pmol/g of tissue; (ii) bombesin was found in 12-14% of the tumor cells by immunohistochemical localization; (iii) gel filtration of small-cell(More)