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Machine learning was applied for the automated derivation of causal influences in cellular signaling networks. This derivation relied on the simultaneous measurement of multiple phosphorylated protein and phospholipid components in thousands of individual primary human immune system cells. Perturbing these cells with molecular interventions drove the(More)
The Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter (FACS) was invented in the late 1960s by Bonner, Sweet, Hulett, Herzenberg, and others to do flow cytometry and cell sorting of viable cells. Becton Dickinson Immunocytometry Systems introduced the commercial machines in the early 1970s, using the Stanford patent and expertise supplied by the Herzenberg Laboratory and(More)
We identified intracellular adhesion molecule-2 (ICAM-2) in a genetic screen as an activator of the PI3K/AKT pathway leading to inhibition of apoptosis. ICAM-2 induced tyrosine phosphorylation of ezrin and PI3K kinase membrane translocation, resulting in phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5 production, PDK-1 and AKT activation, and subsequent phosphorylation of AKT(More)
A new microtubule-binding molecule, myoseverin, was identified from a library of 2,6,9-trisubstituted purines in a morphological differentiation screen. Myoseverin induces the reversible fission of multinucleated myotubes into mononucleated fragments. Myotube fission promotes DNA synthesis and cell proliferation after removal of the compound and transfer of(More)
Leukocyte functional antigen 1 (LFA-1), with intercellular adhesion molecule ligands, mediates T cell adhesion, but the signaling pathways and functional effects imparted by LFA-1 are unclear. Here, intracellular phosphoprotein staining with 13-dimensional flow cytometry showed that LFA-1 activation induced phosphorylation of the beta(2) integrin chain and(More)
Using a muscle cell differentiation screen, we have identified myoseverin from a 2,6,9-trisubsituted purine library as a purine-based microtubule binding molecule [1]. Structure-activity relation studies of myoseverin identify positions N2 and N6 to be critical for inhibiting muscle differentiation. Inhibition of microtubule polymerization induced the(More)
HIV and other lentiviruses can productively infect nondividing cells, whereas most other retroviruses, such as murine leukemia virus, require cell division for efficient infection. However, the determinants for this phenotype have been controversial. Here, we show that HIV-1 capsid (CA) is involved in facilitating HIV infection of nondividing cells because(More)
GFP-Vpr labeled HIV-1 virions have provided a method to visually examine the interactions between the virus and target cell during infection. However, existing methods to discriminate between virions that have been non-specifically endocytosed from those that have productively entered the host cell cytoplasm have remained problematic. Therefore, we examined(More)
ALK, ROS1 and RET gene fusions are important predictive biomarkers for tyrosine kinase inhibitors in lung cancer. Currently, the gold standard method for gene fusion detection is Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) and while highly sensitive and specific, it is also labour intensive, subjective in analysis, and unable to screen a large numbers of gene(More)
Altered growth factor responses in phospho-protein-driven signaling networks are crucial to cancer cell survival and pathology. Profiles of cancer cell signaling networks might therefore identify mechanisms by which such cells interpret environmental cues for continued growth. Using multiparameter flow cytometry, we monitored phospho-protein responses to(More)