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Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease caused by an expansion of cytosine-adenine-guanine (CAG) repeats in the Huntingtin gene Htt. To facilitate research into HD, we have derived 4 human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines containing ≥ 40 CAG repeats in exon 1 of Htt: SIVF017-HD (CAG₄₀), SIVF018-HD (CAG₄₆), SIVF020-HD(More)
Mammalian spermatozoa require a maturational event after ejaculation that allows them to acquire the capacity for fertilization. This process, known as capacitation, occurs spontaneously in simple defined medium implicating a potential role of autocrine induction. This study shows that the ether phospholipid 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glyceryl-3-phosphocholine(More)
Although a normal karyotype is generally a requirement for stem cell lines, new applications are likely to emerge for stem cells with defined chromosomal aneuploidies. We therefore investigated the use of embryos found to be aneuploid on biopsy followed by preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and(More)
Pulsatile release of uterine prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) induces luteolysis in ruminants. However, the mechanism(s) that initiates and maintains luteolysis has not been defined. The present study tested the hypothesis that the endogenous PGF2alpha pulse generator is uterine-derived platelet-activating factor (PAF). Ovariectomized ewes were given(More)
The expression of TRP53 in blastocysts that had been cultured from the zygote stage in vitro for 90 h was compared with that in blastocysts collected from the uterus in C57BL6 (B6) and in F1 hybrid (B6CBF1) strain mice. In both strains, there was little TRP53 detected in blastocysts collected from the uterus. There was some increased expression in cultured(More)
In the mouse, embryo culture results in a characteristic phenotype of retarded embryo preimplantation development and reduced numbers of cells within embryos. The expression of TRP53 is central to the regulation of the cell's capacity to proliferate and survive. In this study we found that Trp53 mRNA is expressed throughout the preimplantation stage of(More)
Routine IVF practices result in the discarding of a significant proportion of embryos due to their unsuitability for transfer or cryopreservation. The present study plated clinically unusable human blastocysts to derive cellular outgrowths for aneuploidy studies and genome-wide analysis of DNA copy number variations, and to evaluate their potential as a(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a product of the embryo and the endometrium in early pregnancy. The actions of PAF may be regulated by its degradation and this is largely achieved by the enzyme PAF acetylhydrolase (PAF:ah; EC 3.1.1.47). The present study characterized the PAF:ah in the endometrium and uterine fluid of mice during early pregnancy. The(More)
In a mouse model, in vitro fertilization or extended embryo culture leads to the increased expression of TRP53 in susceptible embryos. Ablation of the TRP53 gene improved embryo viability indicating that increased expression of TRP53 is a cause of the reduction of embryo viability resulting from in vitro fertilization or embryo culture. This study(More)
The Genea049 human embryonic stem cell line was derived from a donated, fully commercially consented ART blastocyst, carrying a deletion in 4q35 with only 5 D4Z4 repeats by PGD linkage analysis, indicative of FSHD1. Following ICM outgrowth on inactivated human feeders, karyotype was confirmed as 46, XX by CGH and STR analysis demonstrated a female Allele(More)