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Cholesterol may order or disorder phospholipids. The physiological contribution of cholesterol to the structural order of lens membrane lipids was determined. Cholesterol and phospholipid from bovine lens nuclear and cortical tissue were separated by thin layer chromatography. The effect of cholesterol upon the trans to gauche transition of the hydrocarbon(More)
Peripherin/rds plays an essential role in the maintenance of photoreceptor rod cell disk membrane structure. The purification of this protein to homogeneity [Boesze-Battaglia, K., et al. (1997) Biochemistry 36, 6835-6846] has allowed us to characterize the functional role of peripherin/rds in the maintenance of rod outer segment (ROS) membrane fusion(More)
The proteins peripherin/rds and rom-1 form a protein complex in the rims of photoreceptor outer segment disk membranes. Peripherin/rds plays an essential role in the morphogenesis and maintenance of disk membrane structure, with peripherin/rds gene mutations resulting in photoreceptor cell degeneration. We report two different chromatographic procedures for(More)
The role of free-radical-induced lipid peroxidation (LPO) in relation to lens opacity is investigated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Phospholipids extracted from nuclear and cortical regions of the rabbit lens membranes are subjected to oxidative-damage induced by hydrogen peroxide and Fe2+/Fe3+ cations. Vibrational data suggest a homolytic(More)
beta 2-GP1 is a serum protein which influences binding of anticardiolipin antibodies to cardiolipin, may influence induction of these antibodies in animals and may play a role in anticardiolipin-mediated thrombosis. Various investigators have proposed that when beta 2-GP1 binds cardiolipin, structural alterations occur in one or both molecules, resulting in(More)
In other systems, proteins have been shown to alter the molecular structures of lipids in the cell membrane bilayer. We wished to determine if proteins altered the structure of lens lipids. The structure of lipid hydrocarbon chains in urea purified human lens membrane vesicles containing intrinsic, hydrophobically bound proteins was compared to the(More)
Lipid composition related structural changes in human cataractous lenses was explored by characterizing the hydrophobic hydrocarbon chains in lipid membranes corresponding to twelve Indian cataractous lenses and eight American clear lenses of similar age. The nuclear-lipid phase transitions corresponding to the clear lenses exhibited significantly higher(More)
Phospholipid composition and structure of disk and plasma membranes purified from bovine rod outer segments (ROS) are examined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Vibrational data indicate that both disk and plasma membranes lack sphingophospholipids, in contrast to the lens membranes. The hydrocarbon chains of the disk lipids are unsaturated by(More)
Sphingomyelin membranes were prepared with different levels of oxidative damage caused bytert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBH). Temperature-induced changes in membrane hydrocarbon chain packing (phase transitions) were monitored using infrared spectroscopy. Lipid phase transition characteristics were evaluated from thermodynamic parameters fitted to the(More)
Regional differences in human lens membrane lipid composition have been documented and could be responsible for alterations in the function of lens membranes. The phospholipid composition of epithelial membranes of human lenses has been shown to be different from that of fiber membranes. To establish lipid composition-membrane structure relationships, we(More)