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Perinatal asphyxia accounts for behavioral dysfunctions that often manifest as sensorimotor, learning or memory disabilities throughout development and into maturity. Erythropoietin (Epo) has been shown to exert neuroprotective effects in different models of brain injury including experimental models of perinatal asphyxia. However, the effect of Epo on(More)
Administration of exogenous levedopa triggers locomotion in young rats prior to the onset of quadripedal movement. The same substance decreases locomotion in adult animals. The ontogenetic development of the response to levodopa was investigated in rats. Intraperitoneal injection of levodopa (150 micrograms/kg body weight) caused characteristic "crawling"(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis (HD) have limited work capacity. Many structural and functional alterations in skeletal muscles contribute to this disability. METHODS To evaluate the effects of exercise training on uraemic myopathy, seven HD patients (mean age 44.1+/-17.2 years) were studied. Open muscle biopsies were(More)
BACKGROUND Erythropoietin (EPO), originally identified for its critical role in promoting erythrocyte survival and differentiation, has been shown to exert multiple paracrine/autocrine functions. Protective effects of EPO have been demonstrated in various tissues and experimental models of ischaemia-induced injury. In the present study, we investigated the(More)
Hypoxia-ischemia (HI) induced injury of the neonatal brain accounts for behavioral deficits concerning mainly neurological reflexes, sensorimotor functions and learning/memory disabilities that may evolve throughout development. The positive biological effects of resveratrol, a natural compound with anti-oxidant/anti-inflammatory properties found mainly in(More)
The present study tests the hypothesis that ketamine, a dissociative anesthetic known to be a non-competitive antagonist of the NMDA receptor, will attenuate hypoxic-ischemic damage in neonatal rat brain. Studies were performed in 7-day-old rat pups which were divided into four groups. Animals of the first group, neither ligated nor exposed to hypoxia,(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO), known for its role in erythroid differentiation, has been suggested to have non-hematopoietic functions in the brain, especially during development. In the present study, we investigated the expression of erythropoietin and erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) in the developing rat brain following hypoxia-ischemia. Seven-day-old rats(More)
Previous studies have shown contradictory results regarding magnesium-mediated neuroprotection in animal models of perinatal asphyxia. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of MgSO(4) postasphyxial treatment on hypoxia-ischemia (HI)-induced brain injury in neonatal rats and the possibility that this effect is related to the severity of brain(More)
Muscle and peripheral nerve development is clearly dependent on their interaction during early postnatal life. Furthermore, muscle or peripheral nerve activity plays a crucial role in the maturation of the neuromuscular system. In this study, the possible involvement of spinal catecholamines in fast muscle recovery after nerve crush is investigated. Sciatic(More)
The perspective of long-duration flights for future exploration, imply more research in the field of human adaptation. Previous studies in rat muscles hindlimb suspension (HLS), indicated muscle atrophy and a change of fibre composition from slow-to-fast twitch types. However, the contractile responses to long-term unloading is still unclear. Fifteen adult(More)