Olympia Guiba-Tziampiri

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Perinatal asphyxia accounts for behavioral dysfunctions that often manifest as sensorimotor, learning or memory disabilities throughout development and into maturity. Erythropoietin (Epo) has been shown to exert neuroprotective effects in different models of brain injury including experimental models of perinatal asphyxia. However, the effect of Epo on(More)
Administration of exogenous levedopa triggers locomotion in young rats prior to the onset of quadripedal movement. The same substance decreases locomotion in adult animals. The ontogenetic development of the response to levodopa was investigated in rats. Intraperitoneal injection of levodopa (150 micrograms/kg body weight) caused characteristic "crawling"(More)
Hypoxia-ischemia (HI) induced injury of the neonatal brain accounts for behavioral deficits concerning mainly neurological reflexes, sensorimotor functions and learning/memory disabilities that may evolve throughout development. The positive biological effects of resveratrol, a natural compound with anti-oxidant/anti-inflammatory properties found mainly in(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO), known for its role in erythroid differentiation, has been suggested to have non-hematopoietic functions in the brain, especially during development. In the present study, we investigated the expression of erythropoietin and erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) in the developing rat brain following hypoxia-ischemia. Seven-day-old rats(More)
The present study tests the hypothesis that ketamine, a dissociative anesthetic known to be a non-competitive antagonist of the NMDA receptor, will attenuate hypoxic-ischemic damage in neonatal rat brain. Studies were performed in 7-day-old rat pups which were divided into four groups. Animals of the first group, neither ligated nor exposed to hypoxia,(More)
Muscle and peripheral nerve development is clearly dependent on their interaction during early postnatal life. Furthermore, muscle or peripheral nerve activity plays a crucial role in the maturation of the neuromuscular system. In this study, the possible involvement of spinal catecholamines in fast muscle recovery after nerve crush is investigated. Sciatic(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) prevents neuronal damage following ischemic, metabolic and excitotoxic stress. Recent studies have shown that EPO plays a significant role in the developing brain. The present study investigates the effect of EPO administration on hypoxic-ischemic brain injury and the possibility that its neuroprotective action may be associated with(More)
Perinatal asphyxia (PA) is a major determinant for long-term sensorimotor and locomotor deficits. The model of neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) in 7-day-old rats produces sensorimotor cortex, thalamus and striatum injury, which are all critical for the maintenance of sensory motor function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term(More)
The perspective of long-duration flights for future exploration, imply more research in the field of human adaptation. Previous studies in rat muscles hindlimb suspension (HLS), indicated muscle atrophy and a change of fibre composition from slow-to-fast twitch types. However, the contractile responses to long-term unloading is still unclear. Fifteen adult(More)
The effect of caffeine on the central nervous system and cardiorespiratory system was tested under resting conditions and while undertaking a multitask performance test. The subjects abstained from caffeine for a week before the study. Each subject performed the test after oral administration of 90 and 250 mg of caffeine on two separate days. Sum of Squares(More)