Olutayo James

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BACKGROUND The etiology of maxillofacial injuries varies from one country to another and even within the same country depending on the prevailing socioeconomic, cultural and environmental factors. Periodic verification of the etiology of maxillofacial injuries helps to recommend ways in which maxillofacial injuries can be averted. The aim of the present(More)
OBJECTIVE Third molars have been described as different from other teeth in the oral cavity. They have the highest rate of developmental abnormalities and, most importantly, are last in the eruption sequence. We investigated reasons for third molar teeth extraction in patients attending the outpatient oral surgery clinic of the Lagos University Teaching(More)
BACKGROUND Maxillofacial fractures in children are rare when compared to those occurring in adults. To establish the incidence, pattern, and aetiology of maxillofacial fractures in children aged 15 years and below in Lagos, Nigeria. DESIGN A review of patients with maxillofacial fractures aged 15 years and below seen and treated at the Lagos University(More)
Orofacial clefts are the most common malformations of the head and neck. In Africa, orofacial clefts are underascertained, with little or no surveillance system in most parts for clefts and other birth defects. A Nigerian craniofacial anomalies study, NigeriaCRAN, was established in 2006 to support cleft research specifically for epidemiological studies,(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this article is to review cases of osteogenic sarcoma of the jaw bones diagnosed in our institution during a 21-year period. STUDY DESIGN Records of patients seen at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital between January 1983 and December 2003 with histologic diagnosis of osteogenic sarcoma were analyzed for age and gender of(More)
Cleft palate (CP) is a common birth defect occurring in 1 in 2,500 live births. Approximately half of infants with CP have a syndromic form, exhibiting other physical and cognitive disabilities. The other half have nonsyndromic CP, and to date, few genes associated with risk for nonsyndromic CP have been characterized. To identify such risk factors, we(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to determine the changes in blood pressure and the pulse rate of patients with controlled hypertension having dental extraction under local anaesthesia utilizing 2% lignocaine with adrenaline, and to evaluate whether these changes in blood pressure were are attributable to addition of adrenaline. METHODS This prospective(More)
AIM The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of dental implantology among dentists practicing in Nigeria. MATERIALS Self-administered questionnaires to assess the knowledge, practice, and attitude of dental implantology were sent to dentists practicing in all the 6 geopolitical zones of Nigeria (i.e., all tertiary(More)
Orofacial clefts (OFCs), which include non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P), are among the most common birth defects in humans, affecting approximately 1 in 700 newborns. CL/P is phenotypically heterogeneous and has a complex etiology caused by genetic and environmental factors. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have(More)
Orofacial clefts (OFC) are complex genetic traits that are often classified as syndromic or nonsyndromic clefts. Currently, there are over 500 types of syndromic clefts in the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database, of which Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) is one of the most common (accounting for 2% of all OFC). Popliteal pterygium syndrome (PPS)(More)