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An epidemiological survey of 1,028 children, 544 females (52.9%) and 484 males (47.1%) was carried out in Kaduna Nigeria to assess the prevalence of malocclusion in the Northern part of Nigeria. The sample population aged 11-18 years were of Northern Nigeria origin and none had received previous orthodontic treatment. From the results, normal occlusion was(More)
INTRODUCTION The soft tissue paradigm is placing greater emphasis on the importance of the soft tissue profile to orthodontic treatment planning. The purpose of this study was to determine the lip dimensions of a Nigerian adult population; compare the male and female values and to compare the values obtained for Nigerians with those reported for other(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of the duration and type of digit sucking habits (thumb or finger) on the dental arch dimensions of children with digit sucking habit; and compare the findings with children without the habit. A cross-sectional sucking behaviour data was collected on 250 school children aged 3 to 5 years using(More)
AIM To determine the prevalence of oral habits and assess the effects of these habits on the occlusion in a group of Nigerian schoolchildren. METHOD A cross-sectional study of 928 children aged 4-15 years from Eti -Osa local government area in Lagos, Nigeria. The sample population was selected from 2 private and 3 public schools. RESULTS Three hundred(More)
This study investigates the relationship between dental aesthetics and orthodontic treatment complexity and need in a group of patients with sickle-cell anemia (SCA) in Nigeria. The study sample consisted of 176 individuals - 77 (43.8%) male and 99 (56.3%) female subjects with SCA (aged 10 to 35 years) who were coming for routine medical care to two(More)
One hundred and four sickle cell anaemia patients aged 10-45 years and attending the out patients' clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital as part of a routine check-up were seen. They were in a steady state of health. By means of a structured questionnaire the Biodata of each consecutive eligible patient was obtained and physical examination was(More)
Introduction. The assessment of orthodontic treatment need and complexity are necessary for informed planning of orthodontic services. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess these parameters using the Index of Complexity, Outcome, and Need (ICON) in a Nigerian adolescent population in a region where orthodontic services are just being(More)
Digit (thumb or finger) sucking is the most common oral habit, frequently seen among young children. With an increase in the prevalence of the oral habit in Nigeria in recent years there should be an expected increase in the dentofacial effects of the habit. In this study 81 children, 29 males and 52 females aged 3-16 years were examined. Each child was(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of digit sucking on dentofacial structures has been widely studied, but its relationship with the function and/or shape of the palate has been negleted. A clinical observation of high palatal vault has been reportedly associated with digit sucking. However, the description has been made on the basis of subjective clinical observation(More)
BACKGROUND Facial beauty is a function of harmonious balance among all parts of the face, and the nose plays a dominant role in this because of its location exactly in the middle of the face. Therefore, an evaluation of the nasal form and its position relative to other facial structures should play an important part in the assessment of patients before(More)