Oltea Sampetrean

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OBJECTIVE During the past 15 years, the concept of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors has continued to evolve. We present an interesting case of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor that showed rapid growth during a short period of time. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 9-year-old boy had been experiencing intractable complex partial seizures since the age(More)
Invasiveness, cellular atypia, and proliferation are hallmarks of malignant gliomas. To effectively target each of these characteristics, it is important to understand their sequence during tumorigenesis. However, because most gliomas are diagnosed at an advanced stage, the chronology of gliomagenesis milestones is not well understood. The aim of the(More)
To date, no clinical observations have been reported for histopathological changes in human gliomas under antiangiogenic treatment.We collected six glioblastomas resected under bevacizumab treatment. Histopathological investigation was performed by hematoxilyn-eosin staining and immunohistochemistry for CD34, VEGF, VEGFR1/2, HIF-1α, CA9, and nestin as(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play an important role in disease recurrence after radiation treatment as a result of intrinsic properties such as high DNA repair capability and antioxidative capacity. It is unclear, however, how CSCs further adapt to escape the toxicity of the repeated irradiation regimens used in clinical practice. Here, we have exposed a(More)
The available evidence suggests that the lethality of glioblastoma is driven by small subpopulations of cells that self-renew and exhibit tumorigenicity. It remains unclear whether tumorigenicity exists as a static property of a few cells or as a dynamically acquired property. We used tumor-sphere and xenograft formation as assays for tumorigenicity and(More)
The cancer stem cell (CSC) model, in which a small population of cells within a tumor possesses the ability to self-renew and reconstitute the phenotype of primary tumor, has gained wide acceptance based on evidence over the past decade. It has also been reported that cancer cell lines contain a CSC subpopulation. However, phenotypic differences between(More)
BACKGROUND The metabolic preference of malignant glioma for glycolysis as an energy source is a potential therapeutic target. As a result of the cellular heterogeneity of these tumors, however, the relation between glycolytic preference, tumor formation, and tumor cell clonogenicity has remained unknown. To address this issue, we analyzed the metabolic(More)
Extracellular free amino acids contribute to the interaction between a tumor and its microenvironment through effects on cellular metabolism and malignant behavior. System xc(-) is composed of xCT and CD98hc subunits and functions as a plasma membrane antiporter for the uptake of extracellular cystine in exchange for intracellular glutamate. Here, we show(More)
In vivo cell cycle analysis in higher eukaryotes has been limited by the challenge of preserving the integrity of the living organism while visualizing dividing cells. Here, we propose a new model, which uses the unique combination of features of the Japanese medaka in order to visualize and manipulate the cell cycle progression in a live vertebrate. Our(More)