Oltea Sampetrean

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BACKGROUND The metabolic preference of malignant glioma for glycolysis as an energy source is a potential therapeutic target. As a result of the cellular heterogeneity of these tumors, however, the relation between glycolytic preference, tumor formation, and tumor cell clonogenicity has remained unknown. To address this issue, we analyzed the metabolic(More)
The available evidence suggests that the lethality of glioblastoma is driven by small subpopulations of cells that self-renew and exhibit tumorigenicity. It remains unclear whether tumorigenicity exists as a static property of a few cells or as a dynamically acquired property. We used tumor-sphere and xenograft formation as assays for tumorigenicity and(More)
Invasiveness, cellular atypia, and proliferation are hallmarks of malignant gliomas. To effectively target each of these characteristics, it is important to understand their sequence during tumorigenesis. However, because most gliomas are diagnosed at an advanced stage, the chronology of gliomagenesis milestones is not well understood. The aim of the(More)
An 81-year-old male presented with weight loss and hyponatremia. A baseline endocrinological examination revealed anterior pituitary dysfunction. A computed tomography and MRI revealed a large, unruptured intrasellar aneurysm protruding from the right internal carotid artery and pushing the pituitary stalk leftward. The patient developed polyuria and(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play an important role in disease recurrence after radiation treatment as a result of intrinsic properties such as high DNA repair capability and antioxidative capacity. It is unclear, however, how CSCs further adapt to escape the toxicity of the repeated irradiation regimens used in clinical practice. Here, we have exposed a(More)
OBJECTIVE During the past 15 years, the concept of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors has continued to evolve. We present an interesting case of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor that showed rapid growth during a short period of time. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 9-year-old boy had been experiencing intractable complex partial seizures since the age(More)
The cancer stem cell theory postulates that tumors are sustained by a select cell population with specific features, such as self-renewal ability and the capacity to give rise to a heterogeneous mass of tumor cells. The existence of such cells has been demonstrated for glioblastoma, with these cells being referred to as glioma stem cells (GSCs).(More)
Extracellular free amino acids contribute to the interaction between a tumor and its microenvironment through effects on cellular metabolism and malignant behavior. System xc(-) is composed of xCT and CD98hc subunits and functions as a plasma membrane antiporter for the uptake of extracellular cystine in exchange for intracellular glutamate. Here, we show(More)
The cancer stem cell (CSC) model, in which a small population of cells within a tumor possesses the ability to self-renew and reconstitute the phenotype of primary tumor, has gained wide acceptance based on evidence over the past decade. It has also been reported that cancer cell lines contain a CSC subpopulation. However, phenotypic differences between(More)
Metastasis is the main cause of treatment failure and death in cancer patients. Metastasis of tumor cells to the brain occurs frequently in individuals with breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, or melanoma. Despite recent advances in our understanding of the causes and in the treatment of primary tumors, the biological and molecular mechanisms(More)